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ALL Art from the BoJack Horseman Series Explained (Updated!)

Art reference to Franz Marc's Blue Horse in BoJack Horseman, S2E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.

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ALL Art from the BoJack Horseman Series Explained (Updated!)

We love it when pop culture adopts, uses, and remixes art history, especially when that mixture includes a T.V. show! If you’re a BoJack Horseman fan and an art aficionado, you’re going to love this article.

For those of you who are not familiar with BoJack, the star of the hit 90s T.V. show, Horsin’ Around, he’s a washed-up, half-human half-horse living in Hollywoo. He complains about everything and is always showing off his colorful sweaters. Now, 18 years after his show was canceled, BoJack wants to regain his dignity. With the aid of a human sidekick and a feline ex-girlfriend, he sets out to make it happen. The series fearlessly traverses the tumultuous, emotional journey of this half-human half-horse with results that can sometimes be heartbreaking and hilarious. BoJack’s journeys through life also contain occasional, comedic references to sex, drugs, and alcohol. 

Besides the crude humor and the monologue about BoJack’s life happenings, the Netflix comedy informs its viewers about classic and contemporary art. Check out our round up of ALL of these artistic references from all six seasons for you!

1. Henri Rousseau

Painter Henri Rousseau was ridiculed during much of his lifetime for painting in a naïve or primitive manner. As Rousseau became more advanced in his craft, other artists (such as Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse) considered Rousseau a self-taught genius. His best-known work depicts imaginary jungle scenes inspired by his visits to the zoo. The presence of tall, luscious plants and a flat, disk-shaped sun are elements found in many of his works.

Art reference to Henri Rousseau in BoJack Horseman. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Henri Rousseau in BoJack Horseman. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Henri Rousseau, Jungle with Setting Sun, ca. 1910, Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Henri Rousseau, Jungle with Setting Sun, ca. 1910, Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

2. David Hockney

David Hockney‘s Portrait of an Artist, also known as Pool With Two Figures, is a painting that shares many commonalities with BoJack’s own story. Hockney moved from Great Britain to California in the 1960s and eventually lived in a house carved into a canyon. He is internationally acclaimed for his paintings of L.A. swimming pools. Hockney was said to have painted this composition while recovering from the break-up of a long-term relationship that often left him feeling depressed and isolated from the rest of the world. The painting illustrates a story of loneliness and detachment, a perfect artistic representation of BoJack’s ongoing turmoil.

Art reference to David Hockney's Portrait of an artist (Pool with two figures) in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to David Hockney’s Portrait of an artist (Pool with two figures) in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: David Hockney, Portrait of an artist (pool with two figures), 1972, private collection
David Hockney, Portrait of an artist (pool with two figures), 1972, private collection. Wikipedia.

3. Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse‘s Dance depicts nude figures dancing freely in a circle. The story of the painting is quite extraordinary. A very wealthy Russian industrialist named Sergei Shchukin asked Matisse for three large-scale canvases to decorate the spiral staircase of his mansion, the Trubetskoy Palace in Moscow. As a result, Matisse created Dance. The composition has been described as forbidding, menacing, tribal, ritualistic, even demonic. This playful, yet sexualized scene is the perfect work of art to decorate the space in which BoJack is known to throw lavish parties.

Art reference to Henri Matisse's Dance in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Henri Matisse’s Dance in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
 Art in BoJack Horseman: Henri Matisse, Dance, 1910, Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Henri Matisse, Dance, 1910, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

4. Andy Warhol

The pop-art-like paintings of horseshoes above BoJack’s bed clearly refer to the vibrant compositions of Andy Warhol. Warhol loved repetitions. He often repeated one image, changing its colors. It is worth noting that Warhol himself loved and satirized celebrity culture, Hollywood, glamour, and, of course, pop culture.

Art reference to Andy Warhol in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Andy Warhol in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Andy Warhol, Marylin Monroe, 1964, private collection. Wikipedia.
Andy Warhol, Marylin Monroe, 1964, private collection. Wikipedia.

 5. Mark Rothko

One of the pioneers of Color Field Painting, Mark Rothko, employed abstract arrangements of shapes, ranging from surreal biomorphic ones in his early works to the dark squares and rectangles in later years. They are intended to evoke the metaphysical through viewers’ communion with the canvas in a controlled setting. In the episode “Princess Caroline” BoJack’s agent is trying to convince actor Wallace Shawn to play the role of BoJack Horseman in a movie called Mr. Peanutbutter’s Hollywoo Heist. The dialogue goes like this:

Princess Carolyn: I’m trying to help you out, Wally. You’re the one who keeps buying expensive Rothkos.

Wallace Shawn: I have a disease. Would you tell an alcoholic to stop buying alcohol?

Princess Carolyn: You know, Black and Blue Number 7’s going up for auction next week.

Wallace Shawn: Fine. I’ll do the dumb movie.

Rothko’s paintings often set auction records. For example, his No. 10 fetched $82.9 million at Christie’s in New York.

Art reference to Mark Rothko in BoJack Horseman, S1E10. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Mark Rothko in BoJack Horseman, S1E10. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Mark Rothko, Orange and Yellow, 1956, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, US
Mark Rothko, Orange and Yellow, 1956, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA.

6. Keith Haring

Keith Haring was an American artist whose pop art and graffiti-inspired work has its roots in the New York City street culture of the 1980s. Haring’s work became iconic throughout New York City because of his many drawings that decorated the subways. The drawings consisted of chalk outlines on blank, black advertising-space backgrounds. They featured images of radiant babies, flying saucers, and deified dogs. After much public praise, he started to create larger-scale works such as colorful murals. His later work often addressed political and social themes, especially homosexuality and AIDS, through his own unique iconography. Keith Haring’s paintings are displayed on BoJack’s apartment wall when BoJack finds out his best friend Herb Kazzaz is gay.

Art reference to Keith Haring in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Keith Haring in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Keith Haring, American Music Festival - New York City Ballet, 1988, private collection
Keith Haring, American Music Festival – New York City Ballet, 1988, private collection. Keith Haring Foundation.

7. Paul Cezanne

We don’t have to introduce Paul Cezanne and his still lifes. BoJack’s frenemy Mr. Peanutbutter owns “his” masterpiece of famous apples with some add-ons of things that dogs love the most: a newspaper and slippers.

Art reference to Paul Cezanne in BoJack Horseman, S2E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Paul Cezanne in BoJack Horseman, S2E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Paul Cezanne, Still Life with a Curtain, 1895, Hermitage Museum
Paul Cezanne, Still Life with a Curtain, 1895, State Hermitage Museum, St.Petersburg, Russia.

8. Franz Marc

Franz Marc loved painting horses. He is most famous for his images of brightly-colored animals, which he used to convey profound messages about humanity, the natural world, and the fate of mankind. In association with the Russian painter and theorist, Wassily Kandinsky, Marc founded the group Der Blaue Reiter which emphasized the use of abstracted forms and bold colors. Der Blaue Reiter saw abstract shapes and bold colors as symbolic tools to overcome what they saw as the toxic state of the modern world. As World War I approached, the tension of Marc’s paintings came into sharp focus, almost as if he foresaw both his own fate and that of Europe as a whole.

Art reference to Franz Marc's Blue Horse in BoJack Horseman, S2E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Franz Marc, Blue Horse, in BoJack Horseman, S2E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Franz Marc, Blue Horse I, 1911, Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich, Germany.
Franz Marc, Blue Horse I, 1911, Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich, Germany.

9. Jean-Michel Basquiat

Jean-Michel Basquiat was an American artist. Basquiat first achieved fame as part of SAMO, an informal graffiti duo who wrote enigmatic epigrams in the cultural hotbed of the Lower East Side of Manhattan during the late 1970s where the hip hop, punk, and street art movements had coalesced. Basquiat’s art focused on “suggestive dichotomies” such as wealth versus poverty, integration versus segregation, and inner versus outer experience. He appropriated poetry, drawing, and painting, and married text and image, abstraction, figuration, and historical information mixed with contemporary critique.

Basquiat used social commentary in his paintings as a “springboard to deeper truths about the individual”, as well as an attack on power structures and systematic racism. Meanwhile his poetics were acutely political and direct in their criticism of colonialism and support for class struggle. He died of a heroin overdose at his art studio at age 27.

You can see the works of Jean-Michel Basquiat in BoJack’s friend Herb Kazzaz’s office. Haring (see no. 6) and Basquiat were two of the most prominent artists in the 80s, but they also were close friends, like BoJack and Herb.

Art reference to Jean Michel Basquiat in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Jean Michel Basquiat in BoJack Horseman, S1E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
 Art in BoJack HorsemanJean-Michel Basquiat, Untitled, 1982, VG Bild-Kunst Bonn
Jean-Michel Basquiat, Untitled, 1982, VG Bild-Kunst Bonn collection.

10. Claude Monet

Water Lilies is a series of approximately 250 oil paintings by the French Impressionist Claude Monet. The paintings depict his flower garden at his home in Giverny and were the main focus of his artistic production during the last thirty years of his life. Many of the works were painted while Monet suffered from cataracts.

 Art in BoJack HorsemanMonet at BoJack Horseman, season 02 episode 01
Art reference to Claude Monet,Waterlilies, in BoJack Horseman, S2E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Claude Monet, Water Lilies, 1916, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Japan.
Claude Monet, Water Lilies, 1916, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Japan.

12. Cassius Marcellus Coolidge

Dogs Playing Poker by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge refers simultaneously to an 1894 painting, a 1903 series of sixteen oil paintings commissioned by Brown & Bigelow to advertise cigars, and a 1910 painting. All eighteen paintings in the overall series feature anthropomorphized dogs, but the eleven in which dogs are seated around a card table have become well known in the United States as examples of kitsch art in home decoration. Here, poker has been replaced by the less “hardcore” game- connect four.

Art reference to Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, Dogs playing poker, in BoJack Horseman S2E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, Dogs playing poker, in BoJack Horseman S2E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, Dogs Playing Poker, 1894, private collection
Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, Dogs Playing Poker, 1894, private collection.

13. Emanuel Leutze

This is the perfect painting for the Oval Office. Leutze’s depiction of Washington‘s attack on the Hessians at Trenton on December 25, 1776, was a great success. What is interesting is that the original was part of the collection at the Kunsthalle in Bremen, Germany, and was destroyed in a bombing raid in 1942, during World War II. Leutze painted two more versions, one of which is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. The other was in the West Wing reception area of the White House in Washington, D.C., but since March 2015 it has been on display at The Minnesota Marine Art Museum in Winona, Minnesota.

Art reference to Emmanuel Letze, Washington crossing the Delaware, in BoJack Horseman S2E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Emmanuel Leutze,Washington crossing the Delaware, in BoJack Horseman S2E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Emanuel Leutze, Washington Crossing the Delaware, 1851, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA.
Emanuel Leutze, Washington Crossing the Delaware, 1851, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA.

14. Edouard Manet

Olympia shows a nude woman lying on a bed, being brought flowers by a servant. Olympia was modeled on Victorine Meurent and Olympia’s servant on the art model Laure. Her confrontational gaze caused shock and astonishment when the painting was first exhibited, especially because a number of details in the picture identified her as a prostitute. Also, take a look at the cat in the right corner – in the show, it’s anthropomorphized.

Art reference to Eduard Manet, Olympia, in BoJack Horseman, S2E10. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Eduard Manet, Olympia, in BoJack Horseman, S2E10. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1856, Musee d'Orsay, Paris
Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1856, Musee d’Orsay, Paris, France.

15. Damien Hirst

The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living is an artwork created in 1991 by Damien Hirst, an English artist and a leading member of the “Young British Artists” (or YBA). It consists of a tiger shark preserved in formaldehyde in a vitrine. It was originally commissioned in 1991 by Charles Saatchi, who sold it in 2004 to Steven A. Cohen for an undisclosed amount, widely reported to have been $8 million. It is considered the iconic work of British art of the 1990s and has become a symbol of Britart worldwide. Since the shark was initially poorly preserved, it began to deteriorate and the surrounding liquid grew murky. It was replaced by a new shark, but the second one didn’t have boxer shorts either.

Art reference to Damien Hirst, The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living in BoJack Horseman, S03E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Damien Hirst, The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living in BoJack Horseman, S03E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Damien Hirst, The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, 1991, Tate Modern, London, UK.
Damien Hirst, The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, 1991, Tate Modern, London, UK.

16. Pablo Picasso

A series of bizarre erotic beach scenes was painted in the summer of 1931 at Picasso’s French Riviera vacation resort, Juan-les-Pins. Said to be inspired by the 50-year-old painter’s liaison with 19-year-old model, Marie-Therese Walter, the grotesque nature of the depicted forms reduces this moment of intimate contact to a level of crudity, probably more representative of his deteriorating relationship with his wife, Olga. Perfect for the hotel in Pacific Ocean City.

Art reference to Pablo Picasso, Figure at the seaside, in BoJack Horseman, S3E04. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Pablo Picasso, Figure at the seaside, in BoJack Horseman, S3E04. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Pablo Picasso, Figure at the Seaside, 1931, private collection. Wikipedia.
Pablo Picasso, Figure at the Seaside, 1931, private collection. Wikipedia.

17. George Bellows

George Bellows (1882–1925) was regarded as one of America’s greatest artists when he died, at the age of forty-two, from a ruptured appendix. Bellows’s early fame rested on his powerful depictions of boxing matches and gritty scenes of New York City’s tenement life. He also painted cityscapes, seascapes, war scenes, portraits, and made illustrations and lithographs that addressed many of the social, political, and cultural issues of the day. Here, we don’t see New York boxers but Captain Ahab and Moby Dick.

Art reference to George Bellows, Stag at Sharkey's, in BoJack Horseman, S3E04. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to George Bellows, Stag at Sharkey’s, in BoJack Horseman, S3E04. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
 Art in BoJack HorsemanGeorge Bellows, Stag at Sharkey's, 1909, Cleveland Museum of Art
George Bellows, Stag at Sharkey’s, 1909, Cleveland Museum of Art

18. Gustav Klimt

Gustav Klimt’s The Kiss is without a doubt one of the most famous masterpieces in art history. In the 5th episode of the season, Diane gets a text from Alexi Brosefino, a famous movie star and member of the entourage “The Snatch Batch,” who wants her to party with him that night. She agrees to go despite Mr. Peanutbutter wanting to just stay in. Brosefino has a Klimt’s The Kiss on his wall, which may be a reference to the title of the episode “Love And/Or Marriage” and in general, to problems in Diane’s and Mr. Peanutbutter’s marriage.

Art reference to Gustav Klimt, Kiss, in BoJack Horseman S3E05. BoJack Horseman/Netflix.
Art reference to Gustav Klimt, Kiss, in BoJack Horseman S3E05. BoJack Horseman/Netflix.

18. The Ancient Mosaic

The roman style mosaic in BoJack’s bathroom is typical of ones that archaeologists find in the ancient homes of aristocrats.

Art reference to roman mosaics in BoJack Horseman, S3E05. BoJack Horseman/Netflix.
Art reference to roman mosaics in BoJack Horseman, S3E05. BoJack Horseman/Netflix.
A Roman mosaic from Piraeus depicting Medusa, opus tessellatum, 2nd century CE, National Archaeological Museum of Athens, Athens, Greece.
A Roman mosaic from Piraeus depicting Medusa, opus tessellatum, 2nd century CE, National Archaeological Museum of Athens, Athens, Greece.

19. Diego Rivera

Painted in 1938, this image of a farmer and his donkey is an example of Diego Rivera’s many portrayals of rural Mexican life. Without seeing his face, we are free to impose any identity on the hat-wearing farmer – he could by any of the myriad agricultural workers scattered throughout the nation. In a twist of fate, Rivera belonged to the Mexican Communist Party and was obviously against Capitalism, but now his works are being sold for very high prices. His work hangs at one of the super-expensive restaurants in Hollywoo in the show.

Art reference to Diego Rivera, Man Loading Donkey with Firewood, in BoJack Horseman S3E05. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Diego Rivera, Man Loading Donkey with Firewood, in BoJack Horseman S3E05. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Diego Rivera, Man Loading Donkey with Firewood, 1938, Santa Barbara Museum of Art
Diego Rivera, Man Loading Donkey with Firewood, 1938, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.

20. Patrick Nagel

Patrick Nagel was an American artist and illustrator, who died in 1984. He created popular illustrations on board, paper, and canvas, most of which emphasize the female form in a distinctive style, descended from Art Deco and Pop art. He is best known for his illustrations for Playboy magazine and the pop music group Duran Duran, for whom he designed the album cover of the best-selling album Rio. A poster that is similar to his works can be spotted in the 9th episode.

Patrick Nagel, Sunglasses, 1983, private collection.
Patrick Nagel, Sunglasses, 1983, private collection.
Art reference to Patrick Nagel in BoJack Horseman S3E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Patrick Nagel in BoJack Horseman, S3E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.

22. John Everett Millais

Ophelia is one of the most popular Pre-Raphaelite works and one of the best-known illustrations from Shakespeare’s play “Hamlet”. The painting hangs above Sarah Lynn’s bed to show her literary alter ego – Ophelia and her tragic death.

But no more spoilers – if you’ve seen the episode you know why it’s there!

Art reference to John Everett Millais, Ophelia, in BoJack Horseman, S3E11.BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to John Everett Millais, Ophelia, in BoJack Horseman, S3E11.BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman John Everett Millais, Ophelia, 1851–1852, Tate Gallery, London
John Everett Millais, Ophelia, 1851–1852, Tate Gallery, London, UK.

23. Marc Chagall

In the painting, we can see Marc Chagall and his wife Bella both floating in the air and kissing. In the episode, Sarah Lynn claims that the painting is made of LSD, and I think regrets now that it’s not.

Art reference to Marc Chagall, The Birthday, in BoJack Horseman, S3E11. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Marc Chagall, The Birthday, in BoJack Horseman, S3E11. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Marc Chagall, The Birthday, 1915
Marc Chagall, The Birthday, 1915, Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY, USA.

24. John Singer Sargent

Madame X is a painting by John Singer Sargent of a young socialite named Virginie Amélie Avegno Gautreau, wife of French banker, Pierre Gautreau. The portrait was painted not as a commission, but at the request of Sargent. Sargent shows a woman posing in a black satin dress with jeweled straps, a dress that reveals and veils at the same time. Madame X is a symbol of the New York upper-class and it’s one of the most widely known society portraits of its time. In this episode, we find out that Ralph’s upper-class family is quite snobbish and mean. This works perfectly with the mousey version of Sargent’s portrait on the family mansion’s wall!

Art reference to John Singer Sargent, Madame X, in BoJack Horseman, S4E08. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to John Singer Sargent, Madame X, in BoJack Horseman, S4E08. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
John Singer Sargent, Madame X, 1884-1885, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA.
John Singer Sargent, Madame X, 1884-1885, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA.

25. Georgia O’Keeffe

Georgia O’Keeffe explored the landscapes of the United States. Jimson Weed, White Flower No. 1, depicts one of O’Keeffe’s favorite subjects: a magnified flower. To her, the delicate blooms were some of the most overlooked pieces of naturally occurring beauty. “When you take a flower in your hand and really look at it, it’s your world for the moment. I want to give that world to someone else. Most people in the city rush around so they have no time to look at a flower. I want them to see it whether they want to or not.” In this episode, Princess Caroline is visiting her gynecologist. The O’Keeffe on the wall is a reference to the widely accepted assumption that her famous flower paintings are depictions of female genitalia.

Art reference to Georgia O'Keefe, Jimson Weed, Flower no.1, in BoJack Horseman S4E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Georgia O’Keefe, Jimson Weed, Flower no.1, in BoJack Horseman, S4E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Georgia O'Keeffe's, Jimson Weed/White Flower No. 1, 1932, private collection
Georgia O’Keeffe’s, Jimson Weed/White Flower No. 1, 1932, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Arkansas, USA.

26. Edgar Degas

There’s a parody of a Degas painting in there. In this heartbreaking dementia episode, we see the memories of BoJack’s mother, Beatrice, in the bar at the cotillion, at her debutante ball. Degas is especially associated with the subject of dance and over half his works depict dancers. In many subsequent paintings dancers were shown backstage or at rehearsals, emphasizing their status as professionals, having a real job. From 1870 on Degas increasingly painted ballet subjects, partly because they sold well and provided him with the income he needed after his brother’s debts had left the family bankrupt.

Art reference to Edgar Degas, Dancers in a Studio, in BoJack Horseman, S4E11.BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Edgar Degas, Dancers in a Studio, in BoJack Horseman, S4E11.BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Edgar Degas, Dancers in a Studio, c.1884, private collection. Wikipedia.
Edgar Degas, Dancers in a Studio, c.1884, private collection. Wikipedia.

We wonder what other quirky art references will happen in the next season of BoJack Horseman. I expect something spectacular like Salvator Mundi and all the possible jokes about Leonardo di Caprio / da Vinci – but we will see what art in BoJack Horseman will show up in the fifth season later this year!

27. George Rodrigue

Spotted! One of our readers, Jacek Oleander, noted that in episode nine of the second season, on the wall near Cassius Marcellus Coolidge we can see Blue Dog by George Rodrigue. The artist’s career really took off when he started to paint those dogs. By the early 1990s, they became his only subject. He painted Blue Dogs with presidents, with naked women, on the lawn with his Aioli dining club party, inside a soup can, in ads for Absolut Vodka and next to Marilyn Monroe. Or with a big red cajun.

In an interview with The New York Times, the artist said: “The yellow eyes are really the soul of the dog. He has this piercing stare. People say the dog keeps talking to them with the eyes, always saying something different. People who have seen a Blue Dog painting always remember it. They are really about life, about mankind searching for answers. The dog never changes position. He just stares at you. And you’re looking at him, looking for some answers, ‘Why are we here?,’ and he’s just looking back at you, wondering the same. The dog doesn’t know. You can see this longing in his eyes, this longing for love, answers.”

So, the Dog symbolises everything important in life. The one in BoJack Horseman wearing red pants apparently too.

Art reference to Blue Dog by George Rodrigue, Blue Dog, in BoJack Horseman, S2E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Blue Dog by George Rodrigue in BoJack Horseman, S2E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: George Rodrigue, I Have a Colorful Life, 2013, private collection.
George Rodrigue, I Have a Colorful Life, 2013, private collection.

28. Heather Jansch

Heather Jansch is a British sculptor notable for making life-sized sculptures of horses from driftwood. She has also used cork as a material in her creations. We can see “her” work in the season two, episode nine in the famous shooting scene in which the Esteemed Character Actress, Margo Martindale, is showing her real character in the art gallery. Of course, in the Hollywoo world, the horse stands on two legs.  [Isaac, thank you for spotting!]

Art reference to Heather Jansch in BoJack Horseman, S2E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Heather Jansch in BoJack Horseman, S2E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Heather Jansch, Driftwood horse at the Eden Project, Cornwall.
Heather Jansch, Driftwood horse at the Eden Project, Cornwall. Wikipedia.

29. Philip Shelton

Philip Shelton Sears (November 12, 1867 – March 10, 1953) was an American tennis player and sculptor. His sculptures center around sport disciplines, for example in 2007, one of his artworks, Pumanangwet (He Who Shoots the Stars), sold for $11,250 at Christie’s. In the art gallery we see the dolphin sculpture that might have been inspired by his Man Diving.

Art reference to Philip Shelton, Man Diving, in BoJack Horseman, S3E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Philip Shelton, Man Diving, in BoJack Horseman, S3E09. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman Philip Shelton, Man Diving, 1926, private collection
Philip Shelton, Man Diving, 1926, private collection. Skinner.

30. Sandro Botticelli

The absolute classic, The Birth of Venus, by Sandro Botticelli in the BoJack’s world is a fresco on the wall of BoJack’s restaurant, Elefante. As the name of the place suggests, originally Simonetta Vespucci has been replaced by the elephant version of the famous Renaissance muse. [

Art reference to Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, on Elefante's wall in BoJack Horseman, S1E07.BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, on Elefante’s wall in BoJack Horseman, S1E07.BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, 1484–1486, Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy.
Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, 1484–1486, Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy.

31. Roy Lichtenstein

Art reference to Roy Lichtenstein, Grrrrr!, in BoJack Horseman, S4E04. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Roy Lichtenstein, Grrrrr!, in BoJack Horseman, S4E04. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman, Roy Lichtenstein, Grrrrrrrrrrr!!, 1965, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY, USA.
Roy Lichtenstein, Grrrrrrrrrrr!!, 1965, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY, USA.

In Mr. Peanutbutter’s bedroom, there is a Lichtenstein piece with a mad dog. No other explanations are needed here. We all know how mad Mr. Peanutbutter can be. [Thank you Luis Janela for spotting this :)]

*** 5th SEASON UPDATE ***

If you haven’t seen the 5th season of BoJack yet, Spoiler Alert! But, as we have already seen it, we have found some interesting art references (and we are the first in the world with them!)

32. Louis Tiffany

Art reference to Tiffany's lamps, in BoJack Horseman, S5E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Tiffany’s lamps, in BoJack Horseman, S5E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Tiffany Studios, A leaded glass, bronze, and mosaic Lotus lamp, circa 1900-10, private collection. Sotheby's.
Louis Comfort Tiffany, Tiffany Studios, A leaded glass, bronze, and mosaic Lotus lamp, circa 1900-10, private collection. Sotheby’s.

A Tiffany lamp is a type of lamp with a glass shade, designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany and his design studio. The most famous one was the stained leaded glass lamp. Tiffany lamps are considered part of the Art Nouveau movement and they are an absolute classic. Tiffany’s major source of inspiration was nature in all its guises, and his love of flowers is superbly reflected in his lamp designs. One of these lamps stands on the desk in Todd’s office. Perfect for every executive who respects tradition. Also, as it is the What Time Is It Right Now.com office – it has a clock.

33. Claude Monet

Art reference to Claude Monet, The Japanese Footbridge, in BoJack Horseman, S5E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Claude Monet, The Japanese Footbridge, in BoJack Horseman, S5E02. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Claude Monet, The Japanese Footbridge, 1892, private collection.
Claude Monet, The Japanese Footbridge, 1892, private collection. Wikipedia.

The print of The Japanese Footbridge by the Impressionist master, Claude Monet, hangs in Diane’s new, cheap apartment. It’s something that might hang in the dorm of any art student. Also it’s shame that it usually falls off the wall whenever someone closes the door of the apartment.

The Japanese Footbridge was painted in Monet’s dream estate in Giverny. It is an awful comparison to Diane’s new home whose awful condition mirrors Diane’s broken life after her divorce. Monet painted dozens of versions of this footbridge since it was one of his favorite subjects in his last years.

34. Georgia O’Keeffe

Art in BoJack Horseman: Georgia O'Keeffe, Calla Lily Turned Away, 1923, Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NM, USA.
Georgia O’Keeffe, Calla Lily Turned Away, 1923, Georgia O’Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NM, USA.

Another Georgia O’Keeffe-like flower hangs on the wall of Yolanda Buenaventura’s family house (Todd’s asexual girlfriend). This more than friendly family is obsessed with sex (as is clearly visible in episode three), and O’Keeffe’s flower (as in episode nine of season four) is again used here as a veiled representation of female genitalia. Actually, Yolanda’s parents’ house is full of not only erotic gadgets but also art.

35. Robert Mapplethorpe

Art reference to Robert Mappelthorphe, Joe/Rubberman, in BoJack Horseman, S5E03. BoJack Horseman/Netflix.
Art reference to Robert Mappelthorphe, Joe/Rubberman, in BoJack Horseman, S5E03. BoJack Horseman/Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Robert Mapplethorpe, Joe/Rubberman, 1978, The Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation.
Robert Mapplethorpe, Joe/Rubberman, 1978, The Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation.

In same living room of the same sex-obsessed parents there is also a Mapplethorpe photograph originally entitled Joe/Rubberman. This famous American photographer immortalized the New York gay scene of the 80’s. The resulting images are beautifully lit – stark bodies of muscular men (and women). They still provoke and shock. [@Stephenspower thank you for spotting :)]

36. Antonio Canova

Art reference to Antonio Canova, in BoJack Horseman S5E03. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Antonio Canova, in BoJack Horseman S5E03. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Antonio Canova, Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Victrix, 1805-1808, Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy.
Antonio Canova, Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Victrix, 1805-1808, Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy.

Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Victrix (or Venus Victorious) is a semi-nude, life-sized, reclining, neo-Classical portrait sculpture by the Italian sculptor Antonio Canova. Reviving the ancient Roman artistic tradition of portraying mortals in the guise of the gods, he was commissioned by Pauline Bonaparte’s husband, Camillo Borghese, to execute this beautiful female form reclining on a couch in Rome from 1805 to 1808, after the subject’s marriage into the Borghese family. Canova was first instructed to depict Pauline Bonaparte fully clothed as the chaste goddess Diana, but Pauline insisted on Venus. She had a reputation for promiscuity and may have enjoyed the controversy of posing naked. In the bookcase in Yolanda’s parents’ house, there is a small figurine that looks like this sculpture.

37. Venus of Willendorf

Venus of Willendorf, c. 28,000 BCE – 25,000 BCE, Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna
Venus of Willendorf, c. 28,000 BCE – 25,000 BCE, Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.

Another interesting artifact on this bookcase is one of the Upper Paleolithic Venus figurines. Created between 35,000–21,000 BCE, most of them have small heads, wide hips, and legs that taper to a point. Various figurines have exaggerated abdomen, hips, breasts, thighs, or vulva (or all of them). Their meaning remains unknown. They have been seen as religious figures, as erotic art, as sex aids, or as self-depictions by female artists. The most famous one is Venus of Willendorf. In the case of Buenaventura’s house you know what it represents.

38. Thomas Kinkade

Art reference to Thomas Kinkade, in BoJack Horseman S5E05. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Thomas Kinkade, in BoJack Horseman S5E05. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Thomas Kinkade, Seaside Hideaway, 2003, private collection .
Thomas Kinkade, Seaside Hideaway, 2003, private collection. Thomas Kinkade.

In the house Princess Caroline lived as a teen, on the wall of the poor living room, there is a piece by Thomas Kinkade. Kinkade was an American painter of popular, realistic, pastoral, and idyllic subjects. He is notable for the mass marketing of his work as printed reproductions and other licensed products via the Thomas Kinkade Company. According to Kinkade’s company, one in every twenty American homes owns a copy of one of his paintings.  [@JamesTough9 thank you for this 🙂]

39. Louis Wain

Art reference to Louis Wain, Flower Eyes Cat, in BoJack Horseman, S5E07. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Louis Wain, Flower Eyes Cat, in BoJack Horseman, S5E07. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Louis Wain, Flower Eyes Cat, private collection
Louis Wain, Flower Eyes Cat, private collection. Wikimedia Commons.

Louis Wain was an English artist best known for his drawings which consistently featured anthropomorphized, large-eyed cats and kittens. In his later years, he may have suffered from schizophrenia (although this claim is disputed among specialists). According to some psychiatrists, this can be seen in his works. One of his works hangs on Princess Caroline’s wall, or rather on the imagined wall of Princess Caroline’s imaginary apartment in the story told by Princess Caroline’s therapist. Oof. It works for me in the context of Wain’s possible insanity. [Tadeusz Nowakowski, thank you for spotting :)]

40. Pablo Picasso

BoJack Horseman: Art reference to Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar and Alex Katz, The Green Cap in BoJack Horseman, S5E08. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar and Alex Katz, The Green Cap in BoJack Horseman, S5E08. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937, Musée National Picasso, Paris, France.
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937, Musée National Picasso, Paris, France.

In the Halloween episode of the series, we see two historic decors of BoJack’s mansion. The one from 1993 has Keith Haring’s works on the wall, which we have already discussed in this article. The decor from 2004 includes a Pablo Picasso-like female horse portrait, reminding one of his portraits of Dora Maar. In the original, Dora is majestically seated in an armchair, smiling and resting her head on a long-fingered hand. Her face is shown in a combined frontal and profile view. For many people, these deformations are the very hallmark of Picasso’s art. This is absolute proof that BoJack always had a good eye for art – or at least to some deformed portraits of mares – oh, maybe that’s a pun? Dora Maar – Dora Mare?

41. Alex Katz

Art in BoJack Horseman: Alex Katz, The Green Cap, 1985, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA.
Alex Katz, The Green Cap, 1985, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA.

Next to Picasso’s portrait there is Alex Katz’s The Green Cap. Alex Katz is an American figurative artist known for his paintings, sculptures, and prints. His art is a dialogue between realism and more abstract tendencies in modernism with contributions from both Pop Art and Contemporary Art, as you can see, yourself, here. Again we have another a pun here. The painting on BoJack’s wall presents a cat in the green cap. And you know, katze, means cat in German. Mind blowing, isn’t it?

*** 6th SEASON UPDATE ***

42. Vincent van Gogh

All good things must come to an end, including the BoJack Horseman series. Let’s jump to the final, sixth season (luckily, it’s also full of artsy references). In BoJack’s room, in the exclusive “Pastiches” rehab center in Malibu, we can see a very van Gogh-like self-portrait of a goat. What is important is that the original painting may have been van Gogh’s last portrait, painted a couple of weeks before his mysterious death. The weird restless ornament of the blue background, recalling the work of mentally ill patients, is evidence for some physicians that the painting was done in a psychotic state.

Art reference to Vincent van Gogh, Self-Portrait, in BoJack Horseman, S6E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Vincent van Gogh, Self-Portrait, in BoJack Horseman, S6E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Vincent van Gogh, Self-Portrait, 1889,  Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Vincent van Gogh, Self-Portrait, 1889, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, France.

43. Nickolas Muray

Art reference to Nickolas Muray, Frida Kahlo on White Bench, New York (2nd Edition), in BoJack Horseman S6E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Nickolas Muray, Frida Kahlo on White Bench, New York (2nd Edition), in BoJack Horseman S6E01. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Nickolas Muray, Frida Kahlo on White Bench, New York (2nd Edition), 1939, Throckmorton Fine Art, New York, NY, USA.
Nickolas Muray, Frida Kahlo on White Bench, New York (2nd Edition), 1939, Throckmorton Fine Art, New York, NY, USA.

At Jameson H.’s (BoJack’s friend from the rehab) boyfriend’s house we see a Frida Kahlo-like painting hanging in the living room. One of Frida’s iconic portraits originally was not a painting, but a photo. It was taken by Nickolas Muray, her longtime friend and lover. Their affair started in 1931, after Muray divorced his second wife and shortly after Kahlo’s marriage to Mexican muralist painter Diego Rivera. It outlived Muray’s third marriage and Kahlo’s divorce and remarriage to Rivera by one year, ending in 1941. Muray wanted to marry, but when it became apparent that Kahlo wanted Muray as a lover, not a husband, Muray took his leave for good and married his fourth wife. He and Kahlo remained good friends until her death in 1954.

44. Art Institute of Chicago

Art Institute of Chicago in BoJack Horseman S6E03. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art Institute of Chicago in BoJack Horseman S6E03. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Edward Kemeys, Lion, 1893, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
Edward Kemeys, Lion, 1893, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
The interior of Art Institute of Chicago in BoJack Horseman, S6E03. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
The interior of Art Institute of Chicago in BoJack Horseman, S6E03. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Jules Breton, The Song of the Lark, 1884, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
Jules Breton, The Song of the Lark, 1884, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Winslow Homer, The Herring Net, 1885, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
Winslow Homer, The Herring Net, 1885, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Mary Cassatt, The Child’s Bath, 1893, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
Mary Cassatt, The Child’s Bath, 1893, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
The interior of Art Institute of Chicago in BoJack Horseman S6E03. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
The interior of Art Institute of Chicago in BoJack Horseman S6E03. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art in BoJack Horseman: Tanaka Atsuko, Untitled, 1964, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
Tanaka Atsuko, Untitled, 1964, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
Georges Lemmen, Portrait of the Artist’s Sister, 1891, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
Georges Lemmen, Portrait of the Artist’s Sister, 1891, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
Georges Seurat, A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, 1884, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
Georges Seurat, A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, 1884, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.

Here is a true museum cameo! In the third episode of the last season, Diane with her cameraman Guy, visit the Art Institute of Chicago. There, in front of the classic masterpieces from the museum’s collection, they talk discreetly to Isabel, a reporter from the Tribune, who devoted her life to hunting down the Whitewhale corporation. In the scenes we see the front of the museum with the Lion created in 1893 by Edward Kemeys, an essentially self-taught artist and the US’s first great animalier (sculptor of animals). Inside of the museum we see some of the museum’s biggest hits: legendary pointillist Seurat’s Sunday on La Grand Jatte, The Child’s Bath by famous female impressionist, Mary Cassatt, and the Herring Net (look at the fish!) by Winslow Homer. Meanwhile other lesser known works seen are Portrait of the Artist’s Sister by Georges Lemmen, The Song of the Lark by Jules Breton, and a contemporary piece, Untitled by Tanaka Atsuko.

Of course the arrangement of these paintings is fictional, in the real life these paintings do not hang together. But who cares?

45. Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson

When all of the assistants across Hollywoo leave their respective jobs, go on strike, and unionize, at some point they get into negotiations with Lenny Turteltaub and Princess Carolyn. On the wall, we see a turtle version of Revolt in Cairo on 21 October 1798 by Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson. The painting depicts the historical event from the Napoleonic conquest of Egypt, when the people of Cairo revolted against the French. It was a bloodbath, and by the end 5,000 to 6,000 Cairenes were dead or wounded. The painting could show the real character of Lenny, don’t you think?

Art reference to Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, Revolt in Cairo on 21 October 1798, in Bojack Horseman S6E06. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, Revolt in Cairo on 21 October 1798, in Bojack Horseman S6E06. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, Revolt in Cairo on 21 October 1798, 1810, Château de Versailles, Versailles, France.
Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, Revolt in Cairo on 21 October 1798, 1810, Château de Versailles, Versailles, France.

46. Vincent van Gogh

Art reference to Vincent van Gogh, Self-Portrait with a Bandaged Ear, in BoJack Horseman S6E06. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Vincent van Gogh, Self-Portrait with a Bandaged Ear and a Pipe, in BoJack Horseman S6E06. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Vincent van Gogh, Self-Portrait With a Bandaged Ear and Pipe, 1889, private collection of Stavros Niarchos.
Vincent van Gogh, Self-Portrait With a Bandaged Ear and Pipe, 1889, private collection of Stavros Niarchos.

At another rehab clinic in Malibu, Partridges, the rooms for the patients look quite similar to the ones in Pastiches. It has the same interior design except for one detail, on the wall we see another van Gogh self-portrait, this time the one with the bandaged ear. Van Gogh cut off his ear after having a  quarrel with Paul Gauguin. He severed an artery in his neck, and was in grave condition after losing so much blood. He was admitted to hospital and he confessed to having no recollection of what happened during this fit. Throughout his life, Van Gogh continued to suffer from similar episodes, sometimes characterized by acute paranoia.

47. Tamara de Lempicka

Art reference to Tamara de Lempicka, in BoJack Horseman S6E14. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Tamara de Lempicka, in BoJack Horseman S6E14. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Tamara Lempicka, Portrait of Madame M., 1930, private collection
Tamara Lempicka, Portrait of Madame M., 1930, private collection.
Art reference to Tamara de Lempicka, in BoJack Horseman S6E14. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Art reference to Tamara de Lempicka, in BoJack Horseman S6E14. BoJack Horseman/ Netflix.
Tamara De Lempicka, The Polish Girl (La Polonaise), 1933, private collection, Germany
Tamara De Lempicka, The Polish Girl (La Polonaise), 1933, private collection.
Tamara de Lempicka, Portrait of Mme Ira Perrot, 1930, private collection USA
Tamara de Lempicka, Portrait of Mme Ira Perrot, 1930, private collection.

In the fourteen episode, BoJack visits Angela Diaz who was a chief executive producer of Horsin’ Around. Angela is rich and posh. On the walls of her hall we can see paintings inspired by Tamara Lempicka works. Lempicka is best known for her polished Art Deco portraits of aristocrats and the wealthy, and for her highly stylized nudes. Famous for her libido, Lempicka was bisexual, thus her affairs with both men and women were considered scandalous at the time. She often used formal and narrative elements in her portraits, and her nude studies included themes of desire and seduction. Matches Diaz’s vibe!

***

That is it. The show is over. Without spoilers, in the very last episode of BoJack Horseman, don’t miss the dialogue about the meaning and purpose of art. That discourse is important and still, nobody knows the true answer.

If you have spotted any reference to art that we missed in this article (that fat Buddha statue in the studio from the fifth season, looking like an AliExpress plastic nightmare doesn’t count) – please write about it in the comments below! 🙂


Check out more art references in popular TV series:

Art Historian, founder and CEO of DailyArtMagazine.com and DailyArt mobile app. But to be honest, her greatest accomplishment is being the owner of Pimpek the Cat.

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