Asian Art

Here Are the Japanese Winter Prints: The Art of Ukiyo-e

Zuzanna Stańska, Kate Wojtczak 21 December 2021 min Read

The Ukiyo-e genre of art flourished in Japan between the 17th and 19th centuries. The term translates as “picture[s] of the floating world.” Its artists produced woodblock prints and paintings of such subjects as female beauties; kabuki actors and sumo wrestlers; scenes from history and folk tales; travel scenes and landscapes; flora and fauna; as well as erotica. There are also numerous beautiful winter landscapes among ukiyo-e prints.

Woodblock prints were initially used as early as the eighth century in Japan to disseminate texts, especially Buddhist scriptures. In 1765, new technology made it possible to produce single-sheet prints in a whole range of colors. Woodblock printing had been used in China for centuries to print books, long before the advent of movable type, but was widely adopted in Japan during the Edo period (1603-1868).

The medium quickly gained popularity and was used to produce affordable prints as well as books. It also became very popular among 19th century European artists.

When we think of Japan, we tend to imagine spring landscapes with blooming cherry trees. There are, however, many beautiful ukiyo-e prints from the Edo period that show Japanese winter landscapes and historic Tokyo cityscapes covered in picturesque fluffy snow.

1. Tsuchiya Koitsu

Tsuchiya Koitsu, Snow at Miyajima, 1937. ukiyo-e winter
Tsuchiya Koitsu, Snow at Miyajima, 1937. Arthur.

This ukiyo-e print by Koitsu shows the famous view of a small island in Hiroshima Bay, Miyajima (Itsukushima), covered with fresh snow. The wind seems to blow little snowflakes from the branches, making them circle in the air. The torii of Itsukushima Shrine depicted in this print is the island’s most recognizable landmark, standing still today.

2. Utagawa Hiroshige

Hiroshige, Meguro Drum Bridge and Sunset Hill, 1857. japanese winter prints
Utagawa Hiroshige, Meguro Drum Bridge and Sunset Hill, 1857. Kunstkopie.

This depiction of the drum bridge in Meguro comes from Hiroshige’s One Hundred Famous Views of Edo, probably the most renowned series of ukiyo-e. It heavily inspired Vincent van Gogh, who had a tendency to copy other artists.

3. Suzuki Harunobu

Suzuki Harunobu, Children rolling a large snowball, and eating some as they go, 1770, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA. japanese winter prints
Suzuki Harunobu, Children Rolling a Large Snowball, and Eating Some as They Go, 1770, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, USA.

Harunobu Suzuki, Courtesan Watching Two Kamuro Make a Snow Dog, 1767-68. japanese winter prints
Suzuki Harunobu, Courtesan Watching Two Kamuro Make a Snow Dog, 1767-1768. Research Gate.

Suzuki Harunobu was a master of ukiyo-e prints and an inventor of nishiki-e, full-color prints. His work covers a variety of themes, including shunga – Japanese erotic images. Harunobu was famous for depicting contemporary beauties. This theme is called bijin-ga and means “beautiful person picture.”

The second of the prints shown above might be bijin-ga type of ukiyo-e. In it, three pretty courtesans are depicted in cozy winter scenery. The first print holds a different atmosphere – already the title, Children Rolling a Large Snowball, and Eating Some as They Go, suggests something playful and careless, such as fun in the snow.

4. Hasui Kawase

Kawase Hasui, Snow at Zojoji Temple, 1922. japanese winter prints
Kawase Hasui, Snow at Zojoji Temple, 1922. Collecting Japanese Prints.

Hasui Kawase depicted traditional subjects with a Western twist and created a unique and colorful style in his prints and watercolors. He was one of the most important designers of the shin-hanga (“new prints”). On this wintery ukiyo-e, we can see a solitary person standing in front of overwhelmingly monumental architecture. Harsh winter weather with strong gusts of imaginably chilly wind tear at the small black umbrella, already covered with a layer of snow.

Not always is winter in ukiyo-e prints friendly and beautiful. Sometimes, like on this particular Kawase’s print, it might be dark, disturbing, and ominous. Hasui Kawase is an author of many exquisite prints which even inspired creators of popular anime series and films.

5. Kikugawa Eizan

Kikugawa Eizan, Beauty and Children in Winter, 1810. ukiyo-e winter
Kikugawa Eizan, Beauty and Children in Winter, 1810. Pinterest.

Kikukawa Eizan was another talented ukiyo-e designer specializing, like Suzuki Harunobu, in bijin-ga. You can see this in the woodblock print, shown above, a beautiful woman. She is dressed in an elaborate traditional costume and is in idyllic winter scenery, accompanied by two sweet children.

6. Utagawa Kuniyoshi

Utagawa Kuniyoshi, Giant snow cat, 1847-50.
Utagawa Kuniyoshi, Amusements of the First Snowfall (Hatsuyuki no giyû) Giant Snow Cat, 1847-1850, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA.

At the end and for the dessert, one of our favorite pieces from Japanese art, where the main character is a cat (and you all probably know already that DailyArt loves cats). This triptych designed by Utagawa Kuniyoshi served us as an official DailyArt Christmas card in 2019!

Do you like winter? Or maybe you prefer wintery prints and paintings when you can enjoy the beautiful views without freezing your butt off?


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