The Qutub Minar complex is a collection of architectural marvels located at the Mehrauli Archaeological Park in New Delhi, India. The complex...
Maya M. Tola 8 October 2023
min Read14 August 2023
Nowadays everyone knows Banksy. They actually only know his name and his art, since he still remains anonymous. Many wrote and write about him, his identity, his artistic portfolio, and the meanings behind it. This article will be different – it aspires to be an art city guide. You can use it now if you live next to a Banksy art location, or it could be useful for planning a trip in the future. Even if you don’t want to wait, or can’t go everywhere in the world, you can travel now. Thanks to Google Maps! Welcome to our updated Banksy guide as you have never seen before!
Banksy is famous for his satirical, original, and socially relevant works. He makes his audience reflect. The masterpieces of the street artist are not only ones made using cans and colors. He also creates sculptures, paintings, exhibitions, installations… and hotels.
Unfortunately, it’s impossible to physically see every masterpiece for different reasons. First of all, there are so many, located almost everywhere in the world. Secondly, many of them were painted over and do not exist anymore. Thirdly, Banksy has an enigmatic official site and has only been using Instagram as a social network for the last few years, without ever posting any single piece or allowing any official exhibition about himself.
However, technology can help. If you want to see which artworks still exist and where, you can use Google Maps. With this tool and the present “worldwide guide,” you can learn about a selection of existing artworks that you can see personally or through the “street view” function (just open the links in this article!)
But that’s not enough. In some places, Google Maps gives you the option to see the “history” of the street view. Choosing the right year would allow you to find just the right spot from which a famous Banksy photo was taken. You can even travel in time to see some “ghost oeuvres”.
First up in our Banksy guide is Paris. Banksy went to Paris in 2018 to paint a collection of murals during the 50 year anniversary of the 1968 student uprising. There was a massive occupation of university buildings asking for “a new world”, far away from the consumerist capitalism and in which migrants would obtain asylum. A very contemporary theme. The most famous, a mural with a mouse was located at the beginning of Rue Maitre Albert, next to a migrant center. The 8 has been removed, becoming Minnie Mouse’s ears. The ideals of 1968 have fallen in favor of a typical capitalist symbol for Paris: Disneyland.
The Red Horseman is on Avenue de Flandre. It is Napoleon with a red veil on his face. It is probably a criticism of French law, forbidding the wearing of the Niqab in public, which was brought into reality in 2010.
The second European city in our Banksy guide is Naples, the place where Banksy created his first ever work in Italy. Madonna with a Gun, on Piazza Gerolomini is visible from Via dei Tribunali. The work is evidently a comment on the city’s reputation as full of devout Catholics and at the same time, of gun crime. As a matter of fact, a gun has been painted in place of a halo on the Virgin Mary, whose glance is towards a votive niche, which doesn’t exist anymore.
Venice was an efficacious theater for Banksy. We couldn’t miss it in Banksy’s guide. The city was the place of his performance next to the Biennale in May 2019. He exposed a satirical street stall of oil paintings depicting a large cruise ship surrounded by Venetian gondolas. This was probably a criticism of the negative impact of tourism on the city. A pair of policemen invited him to go away, not having any permission to open a stall.
Just a few days earlier, Banksy had completed the Migrant Child, on the island of Dorsoduro, visible from Campiello Mosca. This work represents a child wearing a lifejacket and holding a pink flare. A reference to migrants and refugees is evident and it is currently a strong political issue in the country.
The location is this building.
Next city in Banksy guide is London. It has always been one of Banksy’s favorite spots. It was even the scenario in which an epic battle took place: the one between him and the veteran street artist King Robbo (see details here).
Some of Banksy’s artworks are still fairly visible in the city. The first is Yellow Lines Flower Painter, on Pollard Street. The graffiti shows a painter resting after painting double yellow lines that turn into a large yellow flower on a wall. Over the years, the work has been heavily damaged. Only the top of the flower still survives.
The work Shop until You Drop survives on the side of an office building on Bruton Lane. Also known as the Falling Shopper, shows a woman falling from the top of a building together with a shopping cart. The artwork simply points out the perils of consumerism. It is now still visible, although quite damaged.
The artwork entitled Designated Graffiti Area is situated at the back of the nightclub Cargo, on Rivington Street. It consists of the exact words “designated graffiti area” accompanied by a security guard with a poodle guard dog. Self-explanatory: graffiti is illegal, so let’s legalize it by writing a permission statement. Ironic as usual.
Brighton was the place of the iconic Kissing Coppers. “Was”, because the original one was removed from the wall and sold to an anonymous buyer in Miami in 2011. However, a copy remains on Frederick Street, since the sentiment of the work was very important. Some think Banksy is poking fun at policemen, but others believe the work has a strong positive meaning, as showing a human side to the police force and at the same time imagining a sexual-identity accepting society.
Bristol is an important location in the Banksy guide. It’s probably the artist’s home, therefore there is plenty of graffiti, many of which are perfectly preserved. Therefore, it takes a pride position in our Banksy guide.
On Lower Lamb Street you can see You Don’t Need Planning Permission to Build Castles in the Sky. The view in Google Maps is from 2012 because it is a very hidden place and it has not been photographed again since, but the work is still there, although a bit modified by a sort of door. The meaning of the sentence may be a sweet encouragement to dream the future, as also suggested by the smile created with the sentence.
The work Girl with the Pierced Eardrum appears between Hanover Place and Sydney Row. It is evidently Banksy’s 21st century translation of Johannes Vermeer’s Girl With a Pearl Earring. The difference lies in the technique and in the earring itself, which is an octagonal burglar alarm. Our street artist is also a champion in incorporating pre-existing features into his oeuvres. But there’s more about this Girl. In 2020 someone gifted it with a pandemic-accessory: a mask. Was it Banksy or not? That’s not important: the message is clear.
2023 update: As the restrictions were lifted throughout the world the mask on the Dutch girl’s face was also gone.
On Stoke Croft, you can admire one of the first (if not the first) piece of Banksy street art in Bristol, created in 1999 – The Mild Mild West. It depicts a teddy bear throwing a Molotov cocktail at three riot police. It refers to the police forbidding raves in abandoned buildings in Bristol during the 1990s. Nothing wild, just always the “mild,” quiet England.
After that, a damaged but still visible piece is one on Park Street. Well-Hung Lovers or Naked Man Hanging from Window acquires a notable meaning especially because the street artist painted it on the side of a sexual health clinic.
Finally, the most masterpiece was Achoo!!, in Vale Street. It was found in December 2020 in Totterdown, a suburb of Bristol. Banksy reveals once again to be always up to date: the graffiti shows an old lady which is sneezing and losing her dentures. A warning against the fashion of not waring a mask? The piece became famous also for another reason. Banksy himself published a photo of the graffiti with a man and his umbrella in a sense “hit” by the sneeze. Who is that man? Is he the artist? Impossible! … Or not? Currently, the work is not to be seen in its original location. In 2021 the graffiti was removed from the house wall and set to be auctioned…
Going further south in England, in Hastings, St Leonard on Sea, you can find the Tesco Sandcastles painting. This is evidently another criticism of consumerism: Tesco is a famous chain of supermarkets. From the street, the painting can be spotted thanks to the plexiglass covering it.
On the wall of a garage on Coome Street, an Origami-Crane with a goldfish in its mouth appeared in 2012. Nowadays it is barely distinguishable from the wall, but it is surely still there. Its interpretation could refer to the problem of extinction of animals: will only “fake” ones remain?
God Bless Birmingham, as it was baptized, is a work on Vyse Street which became famous all over the world because it features in a video on Banksy’s Instagram. It shows a homeless person named Ryan on a bench playing the role of Santa Claus, being pulled by two reindeer. However, just a few hours later, a vandal added red noses on the reindeer. A protective covering now stands in front of the work.
The same story goes for Port Talbot in Wales. The place visible from Google Maps is clean because the piece was created on an anonymous garage just a few months before the photo was taken. It is Season’s Greetings, an artwork that, playing with perspective, makes us reflect on pollution. What seems to be snow is in reality ashes. The reason for choosing Port Talbot was simple: it had just been crowned as the most polluted city in the United Kingdom. The piece was removed in May 2019 after a collector, gallery owner John Brandler, payed an incredibly large amount of money to have it and show it in a gallery in the city center. Therefore, the piece can’t be seen in person in its original place. In February 2022, the work was removed from the Welsh town to an undisclosed location.
In Nottingham, you could find another work of genius, a reason enough to put it in Banksy guide. On Rothesay Avenue, on October 13th, 2020, a girl hula-hooping with a tire was found, just next to a bike chained to a lamp post. And the bike is missing a tire! Banksy claimed his augmented-reality graffiti on October 17th, as usual via his Instagram page.
Then, the artwork has been removed, like Season’s Greetings (just a year and a half before), from the side of the building in Nottingham and again sold to Brandler. He declared that “wanted to help preserve it, as well as put it on display.”
During summer, Banksy made A Great British Spraycation, a tour in some towns of the UK east coast. He created 10 artworks in total, each one with particular significance, resonance and destiny. Here’s a map specific to this summer vacation next home, or “staycation” (so explained the word pun).
We will start from Saint Nicholas Everitt Park, Oulton Broad (Suffolk). Here, and precisely on the Landspring Drain, We’re All in the Same Boat appeared in early August 2021.
It is a graffiti representing three kids on an actual metal boat, and one of them is throwing water out of the boat. The masterpiece is very interesting for a lot of reasons. First, the artwork appeared on the side of a bridge and the piece of metal blocked the flowing of a drain of the park, probably with the intentional aim of irrigating/flooding the surroundings. The boat was removed to guarantee the flow again. Secondly, it could be read as a warning for everyone: “we’re all facing a pandemic, and we’re all facing climate change.” Everyone in the world! Third, it could recall and maybe criticize the yacht club and station present in town. Banksy had already warned against excessive boat traffic some years ago, in Venice, at the Biennale (see above). The work is now under a protection screen.
In Lowestoft, the artist left three graffitis. You can find all of them in Banksy guide. The first one can be seen in Katwijk Way, Lowestoft, Suffolk, on the side of this previously totally white house. The work represents a seagull trying to eat “chips”, which actually are pieces of insulation material. This is of course a reference to the normal tendency of seagulls of searching in garbage, and probably a warning against excess of garbage we produce.
The second one is located in London Road North, next to Regent Road. On the walls of a definitive closed shop shown below, there’s a child holding a crowbar next to a hill of sand, resembling a sandcastle. Banksy could have addressed the actual difficult infancy of some children. A local council put a screen on this work, too.
Then, on the bottom of Links Hill, in North Beach, a relaxed rat in a deckchair and drinking a cocktail appeared. The rat is a recurrent subject for Banksy, as if it was his counterpart, and here it simply appears like everyone else at that point of the year: on vacation! But just below there’s a drain that drips wastewater… Would you continue to ignore pollution? The graffiti was soon ruined with white paint, but the local experts are trying to restore it.
In Great Yarmouth (Norfolk), the artist created two murals in a few meters.
The first can be seen on top of this bus shelter in Admiralty Road, where there are three people depicted in a life-size scale: an elderly woman and an elderly man dancing on the left, and one man playing an accordion while sitting on the right. It seems saying: Don’t forget your grandparents! Actually, authorities placed barriers around the bus stop in order to protect it.
Not far away, within the Merrivale Model Village, Banksy positioned a new cottage among the others already present and he wrote on it: Go Big or Go Home. The message is clear: you either aim for the stars or do nothing at all. The cottage has been placed in a protective transparent box, and was displayed just a few hours during the day, always under direct supervision. According to the Google Maps, Merrivale Model Village is temporarily closed and not available for tourists.
Just few meters away, in Gorleston-on-sea (Norfolk), Banksy stenciled a very debated subject. On the little wall of Gorleston Model Boat Club (a pond where you can enjoy races with your model boat), next to the central bench, he realized two children who are thrown away into the air, holding to an inflatable dinghy being pumped up by an adult, who is not caring because they are drinking something. The mural was immediately painted over, because it painfully recalled a terrible event. In 2018, a little girl died after an inflatable trampoline burst exactly on the beach of the town. The local community was too sensitive and thanked the deletion of the artwork. What did Banksy want to say with this?
In the same location, on the seafront, there are some benches with a shelter. An arcade-style grabber crane was painted. This is another example of the relationship of Banksy with seaside: love and criticism. You could be… grabbed up. In the hours following the apparition, someone added six teddy bears and the words “Banksy Collaboration Emo.” Therefore, the artwork is no more the original one. Recently, the graffiti protected by plastic board has been defaced with an offensive message. Luckily, in January 2022 a local Banksy-fan, “Steven Osborne said he spent 90 minutes scratching away at the slogan by using a plastic spoon” – BBC reported.
In the beach of Cromer (Norfolk), another type of warning. Luxury Rentals Only is a stencil in which the attention of some hermit crabs is captured by a sign with those words, hold by another one in a shell and surrounded by other shells. It is precisely on the seawall visible here, next to the beach huts. The artwork probably referred to the problems of second homes. There are roughly twice as many second homes in the UK as there are people experiencing homelessness. Moreover, the city of Norfolk has an extremely large number of vacation homes and local people have incredible difficulty in finding a home. The graffiti acquires a large sense and serious message addressing to homelessness, refugees and also rental market.
At the crossroads between London Road and Guanock Place, in King’s Lynn, there is a statue of Frederick Savage, an engineer of late 19th century which was also mayor of the town. The artist decided to add a colored tongue and an ice cream. Make a smile!
The Big Apple was one of Banksy’s favorite canvases, so it had be included in Banksy guide. For example, in 2008 it was the place of The Village Pet Store & Charcoal Grill, an art installation. It took the form of a fake pet shop, criticizing our relationship with animals and questioning the ethics and sustainability of factory farming. It featured creepy exemplars, like chicken nuggets with legs dipping themselves in sauce.
New York was also the city of the Better Out than in Residency, a one-month period in October 2013 during which Banksy created one artwork a day.
However, New York is the principal city of street artists. Therefore, many of Banksy’s works are now lost because they were painted over. The best conserved one is Hammer Boy on 79th Street. The child is playing a high striker or strongman game commonly found at carnivals; however, the exact meaning of the piece is unclear.
Next destination on our Banksy guide is the city of jazz, where he created a few pieces of graffiti. The most known is Nola, or Girl with Umbrella, on Annette Street. It appeared in response to the hurricanes that devastated New Orleans, affectionately called NOLA: Katrina in 2005 and Gustav in 2008. Banksy’s aim was to show sympathy for the city’s inhabitants. The young girl relies on her umbrella for obvious protection against the rain but discovers that the umbrella itself is the source of the rain.
In LA an actual masterpiece can be admired. The pre-existing word “PARKING” is modified into “PARK”, erasing the last three letters and adding a girl on a swing. The street artist probably wanted to warn against the necessity of guaranteeing places for kids instead of creating more spaces for cars. The work is still present along S. Broadway, in a narrow passage between two buildings. Of course, it was originally a parking lot.
On Broadway, San Francisco, open criticism of American politics is depicted. If at First You Don’t Succeed – Call an Airstrike, says a child wearing a gas mask. The usual, ironic Banksy develops in his own version of a famous quote. The work is at a high position and is only perceivable because of sun during the day.
Toronto, another position on our Banksy guide, was the scene of another graffiti battle, the one against the Grey Ghost. He was a mysterious figure who painted over graffiti with a grey tone. He covered many of Banksy’s pieces, unfortunately none of them can be seen today. The one in Church Street, represented a man hugging a kid and another man on the other side, who seems to be looking at the word “Banksy”.
The other one, Guard with Balloon Dog, was put in a museum to be preserved.
This location is a must-see in our Banksy guide. The artist was very active in reference to the Israel-Palestine question, especially on the wall between Jerusalem and Bethlehem. In the latter city, he created The Walled Off Hotel. This is a real hotel in Caritas Street, Bethlehem, which the artist himself projected and furnished. It has a special view: the controversial wall. The furniture and decorations are also studied ad hoc: an example is the painting in a room representing two soldiers in the middle of a pillow fight.
The wall itself was a great canvas for a lot of street artists. Besides around 7 artworks realized on it, Banksy also chose the side of a Palestinian Heritage Center to create his Armored Dove. In this difficult city, even the perennial symbol of peace has to protect itself.
In the Mediterranean Sea, Banksy bought and painted a boat, which was then donated to a non-governmental organization to save migrants and refugees. It was named Louise Michel after a French feminist anarchist. This is another sign on the same theme of Venice’s mural.
Banksy’s ghost oeuvres are countless. Now, Banksy claims his art pieces on Instagram and had previously published them on his personal site. However, not every piece of work appears on either his social media or his personal site. Some could have been painted on successively destroyed buildings; authorities or other artists may have erased some others. Let’s take a look at some of the more significant ones.
One Nation under CCTV is the famous criticism about controlling lives under the excuse of security and it was totally painted over. It was visible in 2008 on Newman Street, London. The mural was painted over in April 2009.
One of the best tributes to the past and contemporarily a statement of his own aim was Choose Your Weapon, on The Grange, London. Now you can see only a painted over spot where the graffiti used to be. The dog was used as a form of protection against criminals for the young people of this district. But the man is Banksy himself, and the dog is Keith Haring’s. So, Banksy recognizes where his art comes from, at the same time declaring that street art is his weapon.
Here is a street view of this artwork from April 2015.
If Graffiti Changed Anything – It Would Be Illegal says a simple, self-explanatory statement on Clipstone Street, London. In the current Google view we can see a completely renovated street – but here is a street view from July 2014 with the still visible artwork.
The famous Masked Gorilla or Gorilla in a Pink Mask from 2008 was painted over many times and then restored. The last time (in 2020) anonymous people definitively covered it. It was located on Fishpond Road, Bristol (now you can see only a stain from cleaning the wall).
After quite a prolonged artistic silence, Banksy came back in 2022. His new work was a series of seven masterpieces in five different locations in Ukraine, created to shed light on the ongoing war.
Of course we cannot see them on Google maps yet. They are constantly being painted on building ruins and it is possible that some or all of them will be destroyed before anyone has the opportunity to protect them. This could be the first meaning of the series: life, as art, is extremely precious and it is in such dangerous places that destruction could come at any time. People should protect them!
In Kyiv we can see the first work, two children playing on a tank trap. Also there is a representation of a tank carrying an unconventional rocket, that is in fact a penis. The first seems to recall, as is usual in Banksy’s work, the innocence of childhood as well as its ability to ignore war and elude any rule. Children are always children, under any condition, and always give value to friendship over conflict. This mural has already been ruined by the elimination of the metal bar.
In the second work the sarcastic remark about Russia is clear: the tank has their symbol and instead of a rocket it carries representation of a penis.
Just outside the capital city, in Borodyanka, two other works have been found.
On the wall of a school, a little boy wearing an untidy judo uniform beats up an adult. As often happens in Banksy’s works, we can read this mural on multiple levels. The first is, again, the strength of childhood. Even if their school was destroyed, children will survive and overcome adults. The second level is metaphorical: the man represents Russia. The man is about to hit the ground because of a child, representing Ukraine. The smaller, more vulnerable, and poor are always fighting back. On a third level, Banksy seems to indicate real people. In fact, the Russian president has a judo black belt and furthermore was dismissed from the honorary presidency of an international judo society after the start of the war.
Not too far away a young girl is doing gymnastics, specifically she is doing a handstand on rubble. Borodyanka was one of the cities most severely hit by bombardment at the beginning of the war in February 2022.
Banksy created more works in Hostomel. He used a real object, in this case a chair, to complete a composition on an abandoned house. A woman appears to be standing on the chair while wearing a bathrobe, a pair of slippers, as well as a gas mask. She also holds a fire extinguisher, ready for use. Like every other piece in this series, this represents the abandonment of everyday life and its peace because of war.
The man in the bathtub in Horenka carries a similar message as the previous work. Here, a building with many apartments was ripped completely open and has lost some walls and pieces of the roof. Anyone can see inside the house. The graffiti of an aged man taking a bath is quite visible, as if saying that is not his house anymore.
Finally, in Irpin, another city in the hinterland of Kyiv, a girl practices rhythmic gymnastics with her ribbon and a neck brace. Under her foot there is only a huge hole. In a sense, she could be a symbol of Ukraine: still doing her part, even if severely injured and balancing on the void. Banksy recently became an honorary citizen of Irpin because of this work.
Here are four globally famous pieces that are neither easily visible on Google Maps, nor easy to find on the streets.
First of all Laugh Now, But One Day We’ll Be in Charge, a piece that the artist also largely sold. Is it a warning about exploiting poor people, who will one day rebel? Or about exploiting animals and putting an end to the human species?
Secondly, Love is in the Air or Flower Thrower, another masterpiece on a wall on the side of a garage in Jerusalem on the main road to Bethlehem. It is next to the famous, hated wall. The artwork refers to the idea of throwing something other than bombs might result in peace.
The third position in our Banksy guide is taken by the graffiti in Dover. It shed light on Brexit, showing a man destroying a star on the European Union flag. When Brexit was about to become a reality, someone painted over the stencil work. Banksy said that he had planned to update the mural with a fallen flag on Brexit day, but someone did an even better job.
Last but not least, There Is Always Hope (or Girl with Balloon or Balloon Girl or Girl and Balloon), the famous masterpiece depicting a girl losing her balloon, is no more visible on its original wall in London, but has been repainted in many locations and then largely sold as an icon on many surfaces. Its most famous reproduction on canvas became Love is in the Bin at the moment of sale. The artist had hidden a paper shredder in the frame, which activated when the auction operators moved the painting. A revolutionary idea that only a genius or a visionary (or a visionary genius?) could have come up with.
Maybe we will never have a real “ultimate” Banksy guide: the artworks are too numerous, and the artist is still active. But many are happy with that: they are now just waiting for Banksy’s next original. Nevertheless, we hope you enjoyed our Banksy guide.
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