Museum Stories

5 Reasons to Visit the Kröller-Müller Museum in the Netherlands

Zuzanna Stańska 15 July 2024 min Read

Imagine you are in a forest. In the middle of this forest, there is a museum with a garden full of sculptures. Both the museum and the garden are filled with the most amazing artistic masterpieces. Sounds like a dream? Well, I have some good news for you – this place actually exists. It is the Kröller-Müller Museum in Otterlo, The Netherlands, and it’s located in the middle of the Hoge Veluwe National Park. As it is one of my favorite museums in the world, I have listed 5 reasons why the next time you are in The Netherlands, you should go into the forest and visit the Kröller-Müller Museum:

1. It Holds the Second-Largest Collection of Van Gogh Paintings in the World

Vincent van Gogh, The Sower, 1888, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands
Vincent van Gogh, The Sower, 1888, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands.

The museum has a considerable collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh, such as Cafe Terrace at Night, Sorrowing Old Man (‘At Eternity’s Gate’), and a version of The Potato Eaters, making it the second-largest collection of Van Gogh paintings in the world, after the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. The museum owns almost 90 paintings and over 180 drawings created by Vincent.

Why on earth do they have so many Van Goghs?

The first major, successful, and visionary collector of Vincent van Gogh’s paintings was Helene Kröller-Müller, born in 1869, and married to a wealthy industrialist. In 1935, she donated her whole collection to the state of the Netherlands. It is thanks to Helene that we can visit such a great art collection.

2. It Has a Magnificent Collection of 19th and 20th-Century Classics

Piet Mondrian, Composition 10 in black and white, 1915, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands
Piet Mondrian, Composition 10 in Black and White, 1915, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands.

Apart from the Van Gogh paintings other highlights include works by Piet Mondrian, Georges-Pierre Seurat, Odilon Redon, Georges Braque, Paul Gauguin, Lucas Cranach, James Ensor, Juan Gris, and Pablo Picasso. The Kröller-Müller Museum’s collection comprises some 20,000 works of art.

3. The Museum Was Designed by Henry van de Velde

The Kröller-Müller Museum in the middle of the national park, Otterlo, The Netherlands.

Helene dreamt of her own ‘museum house’, where she could share her love of modern art with everyone. The design was by Belgian architect Henry van de Velde, who is considered to be one of the main founders and representatives of Art Nouveau in Belgium. Van de Velde spent the most important part of his career in Germany and had a decisive influence on German architecture and design at the beginning of the 20th century.

4. It Has Probably the Best Sculpture Garden in the World

The sculpture garden at Kröller-Müller Museum
The sculpture garden at Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands.

The Kröller-Müller Museum is also famous for its large sculpture garden, within the forest park, of more than 75 acres (300,000 m2). It has one of the largest collections of modern and contemporary sculptures in Europe. It was opened in 1977, along with the new exhibition wing, designed by Wim Quist. The garden reflects Helene Kröller-Müller’s conception of the symbiosis between art, architecture, and nature. The collection includes works by Auguste Rodin, Henry Moore, Jean Dubuffet, Mark di Suvero, Lucio Fontana, Claes Oldenburg, Fritz Wotruba, Joep van Lieshout, and many more.

5. It Has Awesome Educational Programs

Kids with Émile-Antoine Bourdelle, ‘Large Penelope’, 1912. Photo Wieneke Hofland
Kids with Émile-Antoine Bourdelle, Large Penelope, 1912. Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands. Photo by Wieneke Hofland.

The museum has also created educational materials that are available in English. You can download them from the museum’s web page and you can use them as preparation for your visit to the museum. Some of the materials are designed for kids, like the detective game – and they are truly awesome. To find out more about the Kröller-Müller Museum’s educational activities, you can read an article that we published on how the museum encourages visitors to philosophize with sculptures.

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