Masterpiece Stories

Masterpiece Story: Rainbow at Pontoise by Camille Pissarro

James W Singer 21 September 2023 min Read

Camille Pissarro has an interesting portfolio of paintings. His works are divided between cosmopolitan views of Paris and countryside views of Pontoise. He is an artist that easily fits in sumptuous parlors and sunny parks. Rainbow at Pontoise is one such painting that showcases the rural charms of the French countryside. It now hangs in the collection of the Kröller-Müller Museum in Otterlo, Netherlands.

Camille Pissarro, Rainbow at Pontoise, 1877, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands.
Camille Pissarro, Rainbow at Pontoise, 1877, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands.

Camille Pissarro (1830–1903) was one of the most important Impressionist painters of his time. He was both a friend and mentor to many other famous artists. Paul Cézanne would regularly visit Pissarro in Pontoise and Vincent van Gogh regularly sought Pissarro’s mentorship. It was Pissarro who encouraged Van Gogh to use brighter colors and bolder strokes. He was also one of the first admirers of Van Gogh’s works.

Camille Pissarro, Rainbow at Pontoise, 1877, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands. Enlarged Detail of Flowers.
Camille Pissarro, Rainbow at Pontoise, 1877, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands. Detail.

Camille Pissarro, alongside Monet, helped establish the Impressionist movement. He believed in capturing the fleeting moments of daily modern life. With the increasing intensity of industrialization, life was moving at a faster pace. People could now travel by train instead of carriages. Distances that previously took a day’s journey now shrank into just a few hours. Visiting the countryside became easier, more affordable, and more popular than ever. Camille Pissarro was not immune to the pleasures of the countryside. He was so affected by its pleasures, that he eventually moved to the country village of Pontoise in 1872. This small community on the River Oise and northwest of Paris is the setting of Rainbow at Pontoise.

Camille Pissarro, Rainbow at Pontoise, 1877, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands. Enlarged Detail of Rainbow.
Camille Pissarro, Rainbow at Pontoise, 1877, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands. Detail.

Camille Pissarro captures the landscape surrounding Pontoise with the brevity, speed, and spontaneity of a true Impressionist artist. Brush strokes of pure color are boldly applied to the canvas. The impermanence of nature is captured in the fleeting shadows and flickering lights of a rainbow and moving clouds. A storm is passing over the viewer in Rainbow at Pontoise. Dark clouds cover the sky above the foreground causing the closest grasses and plants to be in shadow. Further away the clouds have parted, and the houses are bathed in blissful light. A rainbow appears on the horizon adding a vibrant contrast to the distant white clouds. Rainbow at Pontoise is a landscape of changing light and shadow.

Camille Pissarro, Rainbow at Pontoise, 1877, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands. Enlarged Detail of Pontoise.
Camille Pissarro, Rainbow at Pontoise, 1877, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, Netherlands. Detail.

Camille Pissarro captures the ordinary subjects of daily life with truth and love to reveal their extraordinary beauty. He shares his experiences through his paintings by blending what he sees with what he feels. Pissarro blends visual objectivity with emotional subjectivity. He is clearly happy as he captures his beloved home of Pontoise. The abundance of beaming colors, bracing brushstrokes, and blissful energy evoke Pissarro’s happiness as he sees and paints Rainbow at Pontoise. It fuses the artist’s outlook and the village’s landscape. Pissarro and Pontoise are united in brilliant glory. It is beautiful!

Bibliography

1.

W. Beckett, P. Wright: Sister Wendy’s 1000 Masterpieces. London 1999.

2.

H. Gardner, F. S. Kleiner, and C. J. Mamiya: Gardner’s Art Through the Ages. 12th ed. Belmont 2005.

3.

L’Arc-en-ciel, Pontoise, 1877.” Collection. Kröller-Müller Museum. Accessed September 13, 2020.

4.

Rainbow at Pontoise.” Google Arts & Culture. Accessed September 13, 2020.

Get your daily dose of art

Click and follow us on Google News to stay updated all the time

Recommended

Ramesses II, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, 1279–1254 BCE, granodiorite, Temple of Amun, Karnak Temple Complex, Thebes (Luxor), Egypt, Museo Egizio, Turin, Italy. Detail. Masterpiece Stories

Masterpiece Story: Ramesses II

The statue of Ramesses II is a masterpiece of ancient Egyptian sculpture that proclaims the royal majesty and prowess of Ramesses the...

James W Singer 11 February 2024

Li Di, Red and White Cotton Roses, Southern Song dynasty, 1197, color on silk, Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo, Japan. Detail. Masterpiece Stories

Masterpiece Story: Red and White Cotton Roses by Li Di

Red and White Cotton Roses is considered Li Di’s lifetime masterpiece and a masterwork of Chinese...

James W Singer 29 January 2024

Johannes Vermeer, View of Delft, 1660-1661, Mauritshuis, The Hage, Netherlands Masterpiece Stories

Masterpiece Story: View of Delft by Johannes Vermeer

Between 1660 and 1661, Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer created three paintings of his hometown, Delft. These are The Little Street, the now-lost...

Javier Abel Miguel 18 January 2024

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette, 1876, Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France. Detail. Masterpiece Stories

Masterpiece Story: Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette is a masterpiece of French Impressionism and a celebration of happiness and...

James W Singer 1 January 2024