fbpx
Connect with us

DailyArtMagazine.com – Art History Stories

Wronged Royal Wives – British Scandal and Heartbreak Through the Centuries

Alexi Lubomirski, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, official photographs of the Royal Wedding, 2018. Royal Kensington.

Special Occasion And News

Wronged Royal Wives – British Scandal and Heartbreak Through the Centuries

Unless you live on Mars, you can’t have missed the recent media frenzy around Britain’s Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s interview with Oprah Winfrey. Whichever side of the royal fence you sit on, the issues of bullying, abuse, and racism revealed by the couple are deeply unsettling. Here are a few other wronged Royal wives throughout history.

Royal courtships are supposed to end in ‘happily ever after’. We want pomp and pageantry. We want glamour and romance. We want beautiful gowns and extravagant jewels. But what price do Royal wives pay for our insatiable thirst for nostalgia and romance?  

Engagement photo of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle
Engagement photo of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, 2017. Kensington Royal/Twitter.

Royal scandal is nothing new. Put-upon royal wives seem to bear the brunt of the violence and oppression handed out by their families, their husbands, and even their subjects. Let’s take a look back in time at some of the worst examples.

Princess Diana

Wronged royal wives:  Mario Testino, Diana, Princess of Wales, 1997, Vanity Fair.
Wronged Royal wives: Mario Testino, Diana, Princess of Wales, 1997. Vanity Fair.

We only have to go back to 1997 to examine the tragic story of Princess Diana. Mother to Prince Harry, ‘The People’s Princess’ was a hopeless romantic, completely captive to her fairytale Prince. However, very quickly Prince Charles’ affair with an old mistress, his public indifference to Diana, and intrusive press activity saw her mental health crumble. Meanwhile Diana worked her way through bulimia and postpartum depression. She championed children’s charities and was instrumental in changing public attitudes towards AIDS. Diana divorced Charles in 1996, but a year later she was killed in a car crash, aged just 36. A jury ruled that the crash was partly the fault of the paparazzi and there was a very public outpouring of grief for this hugely popular royal.

Wallis Simpson

Wronged Royal wives: Wallis Simpson the Duchess of Windsor wearing the Lobster dress designed by Elsa Schiaparelli and Salvador Dalì, photographed by Cecil Beaton in Chăteau de Candé, 1937.
Wronged Royal wives: Wallis Simpson, the Duchess of Windsor wearing the Lobster dress designed by Elsa Schiaparelli and Salvador Dalì, photographed by Cecil Beaton in Chăteau de Candé, 1937. Fashion History.

A generation before, in 1936, King Edward VIII gave up his throne to marry a divorced American (I’m getting deja-vu here). Wallis Simpson was branded as a scheming and cunning social climber. She also faced cruel, hostile, and unfair treatment from the British establishment, royal circles and the press. In fact, Simpson was said by her allies to be intelligent, funny, and sincere – she had escaped an abusive first marriage and she captured Edward’s heart. A constitutional crisis ensued. On 11th December 1936, Edward gave a public speech to the nation, declaring:

“(…) it has become impossible to discharge my duties as King as I would wish to do, without the help and support of the woman I love”. 

King Edward VIII, public speech of 11.12.1936.

He stepped away from the throne and moved to France. However, just as with Diana, scandal, gossip, and victimization continued to pursue Edward and Wallis for the rest of their lives.

Wronged Royal wives:  Gerald Brockhurst, Wallis Simpson Duchess of Windsor, 1939, National Portrait Gallery, London, England, UK.
Wronged Royal wives: Gerald Brockhurst, Wallis Simpson Duchess of Windsor, 1939, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK.

Of course, when we’re looking at the abuse of Royal wives, we cannot overlook King Henry VIII, England’s most married monarch. Six weddings, none of them a fairytale – as the children’s mnemonic rhyme goes: divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived. The desire for a male heir drove Henry to the most shocking acts throughout his reign.

Catherine of Aragon

Wronged Royal wives: Micheal Sittow, Portrait of Catherine of Aragon, c.1502, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.
Wronged Royal wives: Micheal Sittow, Portrait of Catherine of Aragon, c.1502, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.

Catherine of Aragon was the youngest daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain. Catherine arrived in England aged 15 with a large dowry, to marry Henry’s elder brother Arthur. He died just a few months later however, and Catherine the widow married the teenage Henry. A decade of many miscarriages and the failure to produce a male heir soured their relationship. Henry became obsessed with a young woman, Anne Boleyn. Subsequently he overturned religious and political life across the UK in order to divorce Catherine and marry Anne. Catherine, a committed Catholic, never accepted the annulment of the marriage and was banished from court life.

Anne Boleyn

Wronged Royal wives: Late Elizabethan portrait of Anne Boleyn, possibly derived from a lost original of 1533–36, 1570, National Portrait Gallery, London
Wronged Royal wives: Late Elizabethan portrait of Anne Boleyn, possibly derived from a lost original of 1533–36, 1570, author unknown, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK.

Henry broke with Catholic Rome and invented his own Church, making himself the head of that Church. Despite her ability to cause Britain to split from the Vatican, Anne’s story doesn’t end well – she was beheaded in 1536 for treason, adultery, and incest. Much of the ‘evidence’ was provided by Thomas Cromwell, who had plans of his own around the Church and monarchy. Catherine Howard, Henry’s fifth wife met a similarly gruesome end.

Anne of Cleves

Wronged Royal wives: Anne of Cleves, Hans Holbein the Younger, c. 1539, Musée du Louvre, Paris.
Wronged Royal wives: Hans Holbein the Younger, Anne of Cleves, c.1539, Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.

Anne of Cleves was Henry’s fourth wife. Branded most unkindly ‘The Flanders Mare’, Anne was not a favorite of the King. It is said that Henry did not like Anne at all and was unable to consummate the marriage. When Katherine Howard caught his eye, Anne (with the desire to keep her head attached to her shoulders) agreed to a divorce, and moved to Hever Castle. Although forever cast in the role of the unattractive, lonely spinster, it appears that Anne was in fact a clever and warm woman, who outlived Henry and was admired by many.

Eleanor of Acquitane

Wronged Royal wives: Effigy of Eleanor of Aquitaine, c.1204, Church of Fontevraud Abbey, France.
Wronged Royal wives: Effigy of Eleanor of Aquitaine, c.1204, Church of Fontevraud Abbey, France.

Next we move on to the marvelous Eleanor of Acquitane who was actually locked away by her husband Henry II. Eleanor was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Europe in the High Middle Ages. Her first marriage to the French King Louis VII was annulled and in 1152 she married the Duke of Normandy (who later became King Henry II). They had eight children but disagreed about the future of the royal family. Henry imprisoned Eleanor in 1173 for supporting their son Henry, who was demanding more power. She was locked away for 16 years, only escaping when her husband Henry died and their third son, Richard I (popularly known as Richard The Lionheart) ascended to the throne.

Catherine of Breganza

Wronged Royal wives: Peter Lely, Catarina de Bragança, 1665, The Royal Hospital Chelsea, London, England, UK.
Wronged Royal wives: Peter Lely, Catarina de Bragança, 1665, The Royal Hospital Chelsea, London, England, UK.

This Portugese royal popularized the tradition of tea drinking to England, so you’d expect the British to take her into their hearts. However, as a devout Catholic, Catherine of Breganza was treated in most foul ways by those surrounding the Protestant King Charles II. She was accused of being implicated in a ‘Popish Plot’ to threaten the throne. The more bizarre charges included murder and poisoning the King. Without the King’s intervention, she would have stood trial. Charles saved her life but it was a painful life – her husband was serially unfaithful, she had many miscarriages, and was hated by royal courtiers.

Eleanor of Provence

Eleanor of Provence, c.1250, author unknown, Muniment Room, Westminster Abbey, London, England, UK
Wronged Royal wives: Eleanor of Provence, c.1250, Muniment Room, Westminster Abbey, London, UK.

She was just 12 years old when Eleanor of Provence arrived in London to marry King Henry III. Even by medieval standards this was young. (Henry was almost 30.) Missing the culture and weather of the South of France, this noblewoman brought with her a retinue of family and friends – and there lay the problem. Marrying into the British royal family meant (then, as now) leaving behind your old life and your family. You were meant to become ‘English’. Eleanor was clever, fashionable, and French and the London public had no stomach for any of that. They even threw rotten eggs, mud, and stones at Eleanor’s royal barge.

Caroline of Brunswick

Wronged Royal wives: Thomas Lawrence, Caroline of Brunswick, 1804, National Portrait Gallery, London, England, UK.
Wronged Royal wives: Thomas Lawrence, Caroline of Brunswick, 1804, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK.

Being married off to George, Prince of Wales, the son of ‘mad King George III’ was as traumatic as it sounds. Needing a vast injection of money into his coffers, George decided to invite Caroline of Brunswick to his court. Despite having secretly (and illegally) married Mrs Fitzherbert, a Catholic widow, he still felt the need to acquire a nice Protestant bride to placate Parliament.

Things went badly from the very start. The Prince of Wales was known for his gluttonous eating and drinking habits. He was drunk at their wedding and Caroline called him ‘very fat’. After one daughter was born, the pair led separate lives. Caroline found an Italian lover and seems to have enjoyed adopting orphan children.

George Cruickshank, The long and the short of it, engraving mocking Caroline and her lover, 1821.
George Cruickshank, The long and the short of it, engraving mocking Caroline of Brunswick and her lover, 1821. Wikipedia.

When George came to the throne as King George IV, he refused to accept Caroline as his Queen, and demanded a divorce. Vicious rumors were leaked within Court, Parliament, and in the public eye. Caroline was forcibly removed from the King’s coronation in 1821. However, Caroline had the sympathies of the public who scorned their immoral, licentious, high spending King. She died that same year and was buried in her native Germany, in a tomb with the inscription: “Here lies Caroline, the Injured Queen of England.”

Britain and it’s Royals

Throughout history, the British royal family has been plagued by scandals, controversy, and bad press. We Brits have a strange love-hate relationship with our Royals. They are part of our collective consciousness and we spend £70 million a year on them. We have been captivated by them for centuries, but social media and global 24 hour rolling news have made their lives even more open to our scrutiny, our love, and our hate.

Press conference with the Royal Family.
Press conference with the Royal Family. Royal Communications.

Colonial Past

Anti-monarchy republicans label royals as parasites, asking how a so-called liberal democracy justifies power and privilege based on nothing more than hereditary blood rights. Let us not forget our Kings and Queens ruled over centuries of colonial slavery and empire.

Yet despite these facts, the reverence continues; Brits can’t quite kick their obsession with nostalgia and history. Gasp over the theater of a royal wedding. Lap up titbits of regal gossip. Pore over every shot of The Crown TV series. Meanwhile, UK tabloid newspapers make fortunes selling dishonest, damning column inches, furthering their own nefarious interests.

Teaser for The Crown, Netflix TV Series.
Teaser for The Crown, Netflix TV Series. Netflix.

Royal Life is a Circus

Of course, violence against royal women is not solely a British trait. In Egypt, Ptolemy XI married Berenice III who was reputedly his stepmother, cousin, and half-sister. Three weeks later he killed her. Poppaea Sabina, from Pompeii, was the second wife of Emperor Nero. In the year 65, he kicked her to death while she was pregnant. Nero then castrated and married a young freed slave called Sporus, who apparently closely resembled Poppaea. Royal life is a circus, and who can blame those who want out?

John William Godward, Poppaea Sabine or Amaryllis,
John William Godward, Poppaea Sabine or Amaryllis, date unknown, private collection. Art Renewal Centre.

Happy Endings and Royal-tastic Queens

Oprah Winfrey concluded her recent interview with the royal couple by telling Meghan that her story with the prince ‘does have a happy ending – because you made it so’. Many Royal wives didn’t make it out alive, so however you feel about Meghan, you have to hand it to her that in the most distressing circumstances, she saved herself, her husband, and her children. I for one am grateful that there are women strong enough to stand up to the old guard and speak out. Look out for our next instalment in our tour of Royal women – we’ll be looking at thriving Queens who fought back and won!


For more articles on Royal politics and art history, check out:

Candy’s remote, rain soaked farmhouse clings to a steep-sided valley in rural Wales. She raises cats, chickens and children with varying degrees of success. Art, literature and Lakrids licorice save her sanity on a daily basis.

Comments

More in Special Occasion And News

  • 20th century

    Dive into the World of Fairy Tales with Čiurlionis

    By

    Wouldn’t it be nice to immerse yourself in a fairy tale: hike among the heroes, fight monsters, visit enchanted lands? It would be a nice break from reality for sure. That is why today we present paintings that dwell in the fantasy world of fairy tales...

  • Art History 101

    Lapis Lazuli, a Pigment More Precious than Gold

    By

    Lapis Lazuli, once more precious than gold, has a history of over 9.000 years. The earliest artifacts found at Bhirrana, which is the oldest site of the Indus Valley Civilization, date back to 7570 BCE. Nowadays, it is still being used in the art world for...

  • Impression III (Concert) - Kandinsky Impression III (Concert) - Kandinsky

    Art State of Mind

    Synesthesia – The Surprising and Powerful Fusion of Senses in Art

    By

    Synesthesia is a neurological condition in which a perception from one sense evokes sensation in another one. In the art world, there are works which reproduce this phenomenon and artists who experience it themselves. Are you ready to fuse your senses? Discover everything about synesthesia in...

  • Art State of Mind

    5 Best DailyArt Magazine Articles As Selected By Our Readers

    By

    There’s no magazine without its readers, and we’re so grateful for all of you! This year DailyArt Magazine is celebrating five happy years, and we’d like to invite you on a journey through our best and most popular articles. Pop culture, sex, cats: we have it...

  • Art State of Mind

    All the Fun of the Fair: Carousels, Roundabouts, and Merry-Go-Rounds in Art

    By

    Carousels, roundabouts, and Merry-Go-Rounds have a long history documented in art, stemming back to the time of the crusades. It was used as a method of training for combat, with riders galloping in circles throwing balls at one another. Eventually, these became more of a competition...

To Top