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Matilda Browne, a Forgotten Female Impressionist

Peonies (detail) by Matilda Browne
Matilda Browne, Peonies (detail), 1907. Florence Griswold Museum, Old Lyme, CT.

Women Artists

Matilda Browne, a Forgotten Female Impressionist

Matilda Browne (1869-1947) was a successful artist in the early 20th century, but unfortunately, few people know her name or her art today.

In the Garden by Matilda Browne
Matilda Browne, In The Garden, 1915. Private collection. Photo via the-athenaeum.org.

Matilda Browne showed promising artistic talent early in her life. Growing up in Newark, New Jersey, she got an introduction to art by watching her neighbor, Hudson River School painter Thomas Moran.

Her parents supported their budding young artist. She studied with many teachers, including Moran, Kate and Eleanor Greatorex (daughters of Eliza Pratt Greatorex), Carleton Wiggins, and Julian Dupré. Her mother took her to Europe for training while she was still quite young. And it paid off. Matilda Browne participated in her first major exhibition at the National Academy of Design when she was just twelve years old.

At the Watering Hole by Matilda Browne
Matilda Browne, At the Watering Hole, 1905. Private collection. Photo via the-athenaeum.org.

Browne loved to paint animals, especially cows and other livestock. She also painted many flowers, often in colorful garden landscapes. Her bold brushwork gave her floral paintings a lush, fluffy appearance that is easy to identify once you’ve seen it a few times. Her style is best described as Impressionism, although her pastoral animal scenes recall French Barbizon landscape painting. She also made some bronze animal sculptures.

In Vorhee's Garden by Matilda Browne
Matilda Browne, In Voorhee’s Garden, 1914. Florence Griswold Museum, Old Lyme, Connecticut. Photo via the-athenaeum.org.

Matilda Browne quickly became a respected and successful artist. Her list of accolades opened doors that would have been otherwise un-accessible for a female artist of her time. As an adult, she moved to Connecticut, where she painted in the Cos Cob and Old Lyme art colonies. At Old Lyme, she was the only woman accepted into the inner circle living and working at Florence Griswold’s boarding house. Although the group wasn’t typically friendly to female artists, these men liked and respected Browne. She even had the honor of painting a door in Miss Florence’s house, on which she depicted two peaceful cows in a bucolic landscape. Some sources say that her good sense of humor helped her fit in with the boys, while others claim that her seriousness is what won them over. Either way, her great skill as a painter made these other artists take notice. Her membership in the Old Lyme Art Colony is commemorated by her inclusion in Henry Rankin Poore’s Fox Chase, a playful frieze over Miss Florence’s dining room fireplace.

Miss Katharine Ludington's Garden by Matilda Browne
Florence Griswold, Miss Katharine Ludington’s Garden, Lyme, Connecticut, 1914. Private collection. Photo via the-athenaeum.org.

Browne was a successful artist throughout her life. She won numerous awards, such as a medal at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition, and exhibited in many important shows, including the Paris Salon. Art critics raved about her. She married Frederick Van Wyck in 1918. Van Wyck wrote a book called Recollection of an Old New Yorker in 1932, and Matilda did all the illustrations.

Peonies by Matilda Browne
Matilda Browne, Peonies, 1907. Florence Griswold Museum, Old Lyme, Connecticut. Photo via the-athenaeum.org.

Even though Matilda Browne was so successful in her time, very few people know about her today. This is a more common story for female artists than one might think, and it’s always quite frustrating to hear. Art history embraces female Impressionists like Mary Cassatt and Berthe Morisot. So, why has Browne faded into obscurity? It could be because she’s a double minority – in gender and nationality. While researching her, I found that books about female Impressionists omit her, presumably because she was American, while books about American Impressionists tend to focus on the male artists.

Most of Browne’s works are in private collections. The Florence Griswold Museum is the best place to see her art. The museum’s 2017 Idylls of Farm and Garden was Matilda Browne’s first solo exhibition in over eighty years. It seems that this modern recognition was long overdue.

Miss Florence's by Matilda Browne
Matilda Browne, Miss Florence’s. Florence Griswold Museum, Old Lyme, Connecticut. Photo via the-athenaeum.org.

Sources:
– “Matilda Browne, Just One of the Boy Artists“. New England Historical Society website.
– Semmes, Anne W. “Art Historian Susan Larkin Brings Neglected Painter To Life“. Greenwich Sentinel. Greenwich, CT, April 2, 2017. (Accessed online.)
– “Fox Chase: Matilda Browne“. Old Lyme, CT: Florence Griswold Museum.
– Lampos, Jim and Michaelle Pearson. Remarkable Women of Old Lyme. Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2015. p. 40-42.

Alexandra believes that enjoying the art of the past is the closest she can get to time travel, only much safer. When she’s not being an art historian, she can usually be found ice skating and dancing. Visit her at ascholarlyskater.com.

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