What Should We Look Like? Ask The Three Graces

Katharina Windorfer 6 May 2019 min Read

No matter which show we look at – ‘America’s Next Top Model’, ‘Germany’s Next Topmodel’ or ‘Make Me a Supermodel’ – we see the same scenario. A group of young women has to go through various tasks and in the end, one of them is selected as the ‘Top Model’.

Searching for Top Models

The candidates have to master challenging photo shoots, difficult catwalks and, most of all, they have to withstand the dissecting gazes of the jurors as well as of us viewers. One thing among all these tasks is the same: Their bodies are under scrutiny, they have to position themselves in the most favorable way. The focus throughout is mainly on their body.

Ask Three Graces
Botticelli, Primavera, 1482, Uffizzi Gallery, Florence

Seeing a female body in various poses might ring a bell. We may have encountered this in art history: The women are known as the Three Graces. In Botticelli’s painting Primavera, three women are standing in a group together. Also here, they pose in a way which is familiar to us from the Top Model shows. They, or more accurately their bodies, are shown from different perspectives.

The Three Graces

But who are these women? They appear in Greek as well as in Roman mythology. There they represent the goddesses. Often they are of different ages, ranging from Aglaea (Splendor), Euphrosne (Good Cheer), and Thalia (Festivity). Together, they create the image of a perfect female body or even of a perfect woman.

Ask Three Graces
Peter Paul Rubens, The Three Graces, ca. 1635, Museo del Prado, Madrid

While the Three Graces are still covered with some translucent veils in Botticelli’s painting, they appear naked in Rubens’ version of the theme. However, the women have changed since Botticelli. Now their bodies have more curves. Nevertheless, one thing remains the same, the graces pose in various perspectives for the viewer, exhibiting female beauty.

So in a time when female ideals were not to be seen on TV screens, painting could help women to find an answer to the question: What should we look like?

Feminine Beauty Ideals

Also in the 19th century we encounter this female group of perfect beauty. In the sculpture made by James Pradier we see again our three women. What is remarkable is that the women resemble each other. If we now go back to the other examples, the same holds true for them. The color of their hair varies, but otherwise we could be forgiven for thinking they are all sisters. This is also a parallel to our model shows. If you look at the girls being exposed, do we really discover a difference between them?

Ask Three Graces
James Pradier, The Three Graces, 1831, Louvre Museum, Paris

It is only in the latest version of Germany’s Next Topmodel that one senses an attempt to introduce some variety. Now a transgender model is also taking part. But again, although the women might differ, the ideals they are measured by are the same.

Beauty’s Dance

Ask Three Graces
Niki de Saint Phalle, Les Trois Graces, 1999, New York Avenue, Washington

As we can see, feminine beauty ideals have always been around and they will continue to exist. To criticize them or to turn a blind eye to them might not be the best approach. If we look at art, we find a helpful method. Niki de Saint Phalle took up the topic of the Three Graces, depicting a group of three different colorful women. They are together but they also stand for themselves. Their bodies are voluminous but nevertheless, their movements are graceful. They seem to dance and be happy. Here we see the opposite of the Three Graces from the past: individual women, dancing for themselves, celebrating their various forms of beauty.

What should we look like, we might ask ourselves from time to time. Here is the answer: Just as we are, and never forget to dance for this, a dance in celebration of one’s own beauty which is not judged by anyone else than by ourselves.

Read also what Rute wrote on Three Graces and Female Beauty and Candy’s “Does My Bum Look Big In This? The Female Body In Art“!

Get your daily dose of art

Click and follow us on Google News to stay updated all the time


Male nudes in art: Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin, Study, Young Male Nude Seated beside the Sea, 1836, Musée du Louvre, Paris, France. Erotica

The Greatest Male Nudes in Art History (NSFW!)

Nudity started being an important subject in art in ancient Greece. The male body was celebrated at sports competitions or religious festivals, it...

Anuradha Sroha 7 June 2024


Sex, Love, and Death in Ancient Peru: Erotic Gallery – Museo Larco

Hidden underground for hundreds of years, depictions of sex, love, and erotica in Andean pre-Columbian art are now proudly displayed in the Erotic...

Bruno Guerra 12 September 2023


Eccentric Erotica: Pichard & Lob’s Odyssey

One simply cannot praise Homer’s peerless oeuvre enough. We all read Iliad and Odyssey several times, and surely, a considerable amount of us has...

Erol Degirmenci 4 November 2021


The Victorians: An Unexpected World of Erotica and Pornography (NSFW)

The subject of erotica is vast. Even reduced to only the Victorian world of erotica, it’s a challenge to write about in the space of an article.

Sarah Mills 3 June 2024