Impressionism

What Do Édouard Manet and Saint Francis Have in Common?

Marta Loza 23 January 2022 min Read

Édouard Manet once remarked: “I should like to be the Saint Francis of still life”. While the comparisons between Manet and Saint Francis may not be immediately obvious, Manet achieved his goal in some ways. Both Manet and Saint Francis confronted their contemporaries with new ideas and approaches to what they both dedicated their lives to. Saint Francis to religious life, and Manet to art.

Manet and Saint Francis Edouard Manet - Flowers in a Crystal Vase. c. 1882, in National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Manet and Saint Francis
Édouard Manet, Flowers in a Crystal Vase. c. 1882, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

By founding an Order of Friars Minor, Saint Francis opposed the ideology of other orders of his time which aimed to accumulate power and wealth. In a similar break with orthodoxy, Manet introduced “pure color”, a collection of dashes of color, in opposition to classical paintings of the time with their flowing tones.

Manet and Saint Francis Edouard_Manet_Vase of Peonies on Pedestal. 1864. in Musee d’Ordsay, Paris
Édouard Manet, Vase of Peonies on Pedestal, 1864, Musee d’Orsay, Paris, France.

Both loved life and nature and managed to express this love through the smallest and simplest things. Saint Francis was known to give sermons to birds, fish, and flowers. Manet believed that “a painter can say anything he likes with fruit, flowers or even clouds”. At the end of his life, when advanced disease prevented him from painting large canvases, he created his most beautiful still lifes. He painted bouquets brought by his friends, or sometimes even single, common objects such as lemon or bunch of asparagus.

Manet and Saint Francis Edouard_Manet_Bunch_of_Asparagus 1880, In Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne Manet and Saint Francis
Édouard Manet, Bunch of Asparagus, 1880, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, Germany.

One of the bouquets created in that period stands out from the others – Carnations and Clematis, 1882. In its simplicity and modesty, it is the sweetest and most charming of Manet’s paintings.

Manet and Saint Francis Edouard Manet, Carnations and Clematis, 1882, in Musee d'Orsay, Paris Manet and Saint Francis
Édouard Manet, Carnations and Clematis, 1882, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, France.

What Manet and Saint Francis most have in common is that they were both remarkable people who were ahead of their times and made an extraordinary mark on the history of western culture.

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