When I was a child, my parents bought a poster showing a reproduction of a warmly-colored painting with two small camels and a donkey lost in a composition of abstract rectangles. It turned out to be Paul Klee. It was with these camels that my continuing fascination for the magic world of weird creatures living in Klee’s paintings began.
Paul Klee was born to a musicians’ family on 18th December 1879 in a small Swiss town near Bern. Both the picturesque Alpine landscape and musical traditions had a great impact on his future works. At first he was supposed to be a musician but he eventually decided on visual arts. At the age of 21, he moved to Munich, Germany to study at the Academy of Fine Arts.
What is absolutely surprising is that in the early years of his career Klee was strongly focused on drawing, leaving the colours marginalized. He wasn’t very successful until 1911 when he joined the editorial team of the almanac Der Blaue Reiter, founded by Franz Marc and Wassily Kandinsky. The association of Expressionistic artists finally opened Klee up to the color theory. Moreover, a trip to Paris exposed him to the ferment of Cubism and early Abstract Art, leaving Klee fascinated by Robert Delaunay’s bold use of color.
All these experiences prepared a solid ground for his artistic breakthrough, which came up during his travel to Tunisia. He wrote:
“Color has taken possession of me; no longer do I have to chase after it, I know that it has hold of me forever… Color and I are one. I am a painter.”
After returning home, his style took a completely new direction. He started to mix techniques – he enriched his wide graphics experience with a new palette of vivid colors, simultaneously moving towards an abstract manner of painting. That’s how Klee’s unique style was born and opened him the doors to a great career. Klee taught at the Bauhaus from January 1921 to April 1931, when the times got dark and uneasy and his art began to be considered as degenerate by the Nazis. Soon he had to flee back to Switzerland.