Amadeo Modigliani: Standing Nude (Elvira), 1918[caption id="attachment_1932" align="aligncenter" width="620"] Amadeo Modigliani: Standing Nude (Elvira), 1918, Kunstmuseum Bern[/caption] When Amadeo Modigliani moved to Paris in 1906 his nudes were regarded as offensive, and his style was so unique it didn't fit to any established art movements. On this painting, inspired by the Italian renaissance, Paul Cézanne and African tribal art we see everything we know Modigliani for - fine black outlines and the elongated shapes, like the long neck and nose, and the oval face with almond-shaped, unseeing eyes, which is reminiscent of a mask. The stylized representation avoids detail and any other objects that would reveal more about the woman. The painting seems to be unfinished.
The painting is a late nude that was completed in Southern France, little less than two years before the premature death of the artist. This is evident in the light shades of turquoise in the background, which are typical of these years. In earlier works, Modigliani predominantly used dark shades of red for his backgrounds.
Felix Vallotton, Woman Reading, 1906[caption id="attachment_1927" align="aligncenter" width="620"] Felix Vallotton, Woman Reading, 1906, Kunstmuseum Bern[/caption]
Felix Vallotton is one of my favourite artists, here find out why. Here, a young woman sits on a chair in a middle-class interior. She is absorbed in reading a book. The scene may appear austere and aloof at first glance, but it is not. Even though the woman is composed and has not really made herself comfortable, the picture allows the observer a view into her private life and that was very typical for Vallotton. The handkerchief in her hand shows that she is moved by what she is reading. Maybe the book is a romantic novel that provides a stark contrast to her own life. Even into the 20th century, reading novels was considered to be a bad moral influence on middle-class women.
Incidentally, the artist was not only well-read, but was active as a writer himself. He wrote three novels, several theater pieces, and essays.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Portrait of Misia Natanson, 1887[caption id="attachment_1928" align="aligncenter" width="620"] Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Portrait of Misia Natanson, 1887, Kunstmuseum Bern[/caption]
Misia Sert was a pianist of Polish (yeey, you know that DailyArtDaily is from Poland?) descent who hosted an artistic salon in Paris. She was a patron and friend of numerous artists, for whom she regularly posed - including Henri de Toulouse Lautrec (you can read a story about another muse of Toulouse-Lautrec here). At age 21 Sert married her twenty-year-old cousin Thadée Natanson, a Polish émigré. Natanson frequented the haunts favored by the artistic and intellectual circles of Paris and The Natanson home on the Rue St. Florentine became a gathering place, for such cultural lights as Marcel Proust, Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Odilon Redon, Paul Signac, Claude Debussy, Stéphane Mallarmé, andAndré Gide. What's quite funny, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec enjoyed playing bartender at Natanson's parties, and became known for serving a potent cocktail— a drink of colorful layered liqueurs dubbed the Pousse-Café.This article was created with the help of Kunstmuseum Bern - thank you!
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