WTF Art History

5 Weird Portraits from Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna

Zuzanna Stańska 29 May 2023 min Read

The Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, one of the foremost museums in the world, owns rich holdings comprising artworks from seven millennia – from Ancient Egypt to the late 18th century. We decided to share some masterpieces from this museum with you. Check out 5 weird portraits from the Kunsthistorisches Museum collection that will make you wonder about human physiognomy. Enjoy!

1. The Hairy Man

weird portraits kunsthistorisches museum, Peter Gonsalvus, 1580, Kunsthistorisches Museum. Vienna
Weird Portraits from Kunsthistorisches Museum: Portrait of Peter Gonsalvus, 1580, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.

Petrus Gonsalvus, “the man of the woods,” was born in 1537 in Tenerife. His life has been well chronicled as he became famous during his lifetime because of his condition called hypertrichosis, an abnormal amount of hair growth over the body. Gonsalvus was a nobleman, although he was never considered fully human in the eyes of his contemporaries. He married and had children (of which four out of seven were also afflicted with hypertrichosis). It is believed that the marriage between Petrus Gonsalvus and lady Catherine inspired the fairy tale Beauty and the Beast.

2. The Man with a Feathery Shade on His Head

weird portraits kunsthistorisches museumJan Thomas, Gundakar Fürst Dietrichstein, 1667, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Weird Portraits from Kunsthistorisches Museum: Jan Thomas, Prince Gundakar Dietrichstein in a Fantastical Costume, 1667, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.

Prince Gundakar took part in the equestrian ballet, one of the elaborate festivities held at the Viennese court to mark the marriage of Emperor Leopold I and the Spanish infanta Margarita Teresa (that famous one from Velázquez portraits) in Vienna in 1667. I really wonder how on earth this poor horse endured all these decorative elements – they seem to be heavy!

3. The Giant and the Dwarf

weird portraits kunsthistorisches museum Anonymous Artist, The giant Bartlmä Bona with the dwarf Thomele, late 16th century, Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna
Weird Portraits from Kunsthistorisches Museum: Portrait of the Giant Bartlmä Bon with the Dwarf Thomele, c. 16th century, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.

Legend has it that the men in this portrait are Archduke Ferdinand’s court giant, Bartlmä Bon, and court dwarf, Thomele. The Habsburg court was famous of its love of curiosities and interest in weird discoveries. Both sitters often played their part in court festivities and pageants. But why the dwarf looks like a child, I have no idea.


4. The Duke with a Long Nose

weird portraits kunsthistorisches museum Anonymous Artist (copy of Rogier van der Weyden), Duke John the Fearless of Burgundy, around 1500, Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna
Weird Portraits from Kunsthistorisches Museum: Portrait of Duke John the Fearless of Burgundy, c. 1500, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.

Duke John the Fearless was the ruler of a territory that, at the time, was regarded as the most powerful of Western Europe. He was murdered in 1419 on the bridge at Montereau during a parley with the French dauphin (the future Charles VII of France), by Tanneguy du Chastel and Jean Louvet, the dauphin’s close counselors. Sounds a bit like Games of Thrones, doesn’t it? Still, we published this portrait here because of Duke’s famous long nose.

5. The Sleepy Emperor

weird portraits kunsthistorisches museum Anonymous Artist, Emperor Frederick III, c. 1500, Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna
Weird Portraits from Kunsthistorisches Museum: Portrait of Emperor Frederick III, c. 1500, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.

Frederick III, called the Peaceful, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death, and the first emperor of the House of Habsburg. While in power, Frederick concentrated on re-uniting the lands he considered to rightfully belong to the Habsburg family of Austria. He was way less interested in Imperial affairs. Because he felt entitled to the lands of Hungary as well as by the Burgundian inheritance, was the first to establish the later Habsburg Empire. During his lifetime, he was mocked as “Arch-Sleepyhead of the Holy Roman Empire,” but today is increasingly seen as a quite efficient ruler.


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