Jacques-Louis David’s Napoleon Crossing the Alps is one of the most famous and politically iconic images of European art history. However, it is a...
James W Singer 4 December 2023
min Read14 September 2023
Albrecht Dürer loved self-portraits. In the first half of his life, he made a series of them. The earliest is from 1484, when the artist was a precocious boy of 13. It was drawn in silverpoint. Later, he wrote in the upper right corner:
This I have drawn from myself from the looking-glass, in the year 1484, when I was still a child — Albrecht Dürer.
But today we want to talk about another masterpiece, the iconic self-portrait, or Self-Portrait at 28 Years Old Wearing a Coat with Fur Collar, which was painted early in 1500, just before Dürer’s 29th birthday. It is the last of his three painted self-portraits. According to art historians, it is the most personal, iconic, and complex of his self-portraits, and the one that has become fixed in the popular imagination.
It is also famous because it resembles many earlier representations of Christ. The religious convention here is clear: the symmetry, the dark tones, and the manner in which Dürer confronts the viewer and raises his hands to the middle of his chest as if in the act of blessing.
He idealized his appearance. As the other drawing shows, his nose was originally irregular in shape. Dürer is approaching us in “Imitatio Christi,” an imitation of Christ. He has even painted himself with brown hair, although the other self-portraits show that it was actually reddish-blond.
In 1500, a frontal pose was exceptional for a secular portrait. Two of Dürer’s previous self-portraits were painted in three-quarters view. Fully frontal poses remained unusual, although Hans Holbein painted several portraits of Henry VIII of England and his queens in that pose, perhaps under instruction.
The artist’s monogram, “AD,” and the Latin inscription — “I, Albrecht Dürer of Nuremberg, portrayed myself in everlasting colors aged twenty-eight years” — are placed at eye-level to strengthen the effect. The year “1500” is written directly above the monogram “AD” giving it a second meaning as Anno Domini, which further reinforces the connection between Dürer and Christ.
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