European Art

The Prime Minister’s Art: Landscapes by Winston Churchill

Rute Ferreira 7 September 2022 min Read

The English statesman Winston Churchill is one of the most respected and admired men in the world. His role as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, especially during World War II, has made him a well-known figure. It is, however, less known that Churchill was a keen and skillful painter and landscapes were among his favorite themes.

Winston Churchill, The Club House and Jetty, Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, c.1930, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, UK. Art UK.
Winston Churchill, The Club House and Jetty, Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, c.1930, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, UK. Art UK.

Perhaps you have read about Sir Winston Churchill since his performance during the two World Wars of the 20th century is known to virtually everyone. Or maybe you have seen him in The Crown series! He was born on November 30, 1874, into an aristocratic family that was traditionally associated with political and military life. Yet Churchill, this statesman, historian, writer, and officer of the British Army, was also a painter and loved landscapes.

Churchill’s political activity began around 1900 when he became a member of the Parliament. Throughout his life, he was actively involved in the political and military affairs of the United Kingdom, and 40 years later he became the Prime Minister. In the midst of his troubled life, marked by conflicts, wars, political and military decisions, he began painting. 

View of Chartwell

Identified as an Impressionist artist, Churchill took an interest in capturing beautiful landscapes, especially at the beginning and at the end of the day, when sunlight creates the most interesting effects. However, Churchill, who was not a professional painter, did not go to faraway places in search of an environment that inspired him, or where he could have a beautiful sight to paint, as the French Impressionists did. Instead, he chose places in the vicinity of his house.

Winston Churchill's Landscape Painting: Winston Churchill, A View of Chartwell, 1938, National Trust, Chartwell, England, UK.
Winston Churchill, A View of Chartwell, 1938, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, UK. Art UK.

The View of Chartwell, which depicts the place where he lived for almost 40 years, is located in Kent, South East England. Sir Winston Churchill bought the estate in 1922 and lived there until shortly before his death in 1965. View of Chartwell is the view from the garden of this residence, where he also dealt with political matters and took care of his political obligations. 

Daybreak at Cassis

Do not think, however, that Churchill painted only what was familiar to him. His duties made him travel a lot, and during these trips, he was also able to find time for his art. That is why Churchill is considered to be so passionate about painting.

Winston Churchill's Landscape Painting: Winston Churchill, Daybreak at Cassis, 1920, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, England, UK.
Winston Churchill, Daybreak at Cassis, 1920, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, UK. Art UK.

Even if he saw painting solely as a hobby, he devoted himself to it with seriousness. Look at this painting in which he depicts a dawn in Cassis. The different shades of green and blue are so beautiful!

View of Cairo from the Pyramids

Winston Churchill, due to his involvement in Near East politics, spent some time in that part of the world. The landscapes that he painted back then are among my favorite of his works. In his paintings from Egypt, the golden clouds and the blue sky perfectly match the orange-green shade of the earth. The shades harmonize so perfectly with the light that it is impossible to remain indifferent to this landscape. One of the paintings shows the famous Egyptian pyramids.

Winston Churchill's Landscape Painting: Winston Churchill, Distant View of the Pyramids, 1920, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, England, UK.
Winston Churchill, Distant View of the Pyramids, 1920, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, UK. WikiArt.

Cairo from the Pyramids with the Artist Painting

Winston Churchill's Landscape Painting: Winston Churchill, Cairo from the Pyramids with the Artist Painting, 1921, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, England, UK
Winston Churchill, Cairo from the Pyramids with the Artist Painting, 1921, National Trust, Chartwell, Westerham, UK. WikiArt.

Sir Winston Churchill fascinates people for many different reasons. He acted on many fronts, from literature to politics. By the way, speaking of literature, he received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953. Yet in painting, he did not try to change the world or denounce injustice. Churchill wanted only to portray the beauty of natural landscapes, whether it was the garden of his house or the other side of the world. It is in this simplicity that lies the importance of his art.

Winston Churchill, The Atlas Mountains from Marrakech, c. 1949, private collection. Christie’s.

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