European Art

Boxing Day with St. Stephen

Magda Michalska 26 December 2020 min Read

According to the Catholic calendar, the second day of Christmas commemorates St. Stephen. He was a young deacon in the community of Jerusalem who became the first martyr in the name of Jesus, an event recounted in Acts 7. Let’s spend this Boxing Day with St Stephen!

Stephen, the protagonist

Adam Elsheimer, Stoning of St Stephen, 1604, Scottish National Galleries, boxing day with st stephen
Adam Elsheimer, Stoning of St. Stephen, 1604, Scottish National Galleries, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.

The work by Rembrandt was influenced by this painting by Adam Elsheimer. Here, Stephen utters his last words to the heavens, which open up to let the divine light out. Elsheimer originated from Frankfurt, but as many painters of his era, he moved permanently to Rome. Before that, however, he spent some time in Venice. There, he got to know Tintoretto‘s paintings, which made a huge impact on his own painting style.

Stephen, the friend

Jean Fouquet, Etienne Chevalier with St Stephen, c.1454, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, boxing day with st stephen
Jean Fouquet, Etienne Chevalier with St. Stephen, c.1454, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany.

This oil painting is a part of a diptych originally placed in Collegiate Church of Notre-Dame in Melun in northern France. Etienne Chevalier, the treasurer of King Charles VII of France, commissioned the court painter Fouquet to depict him with his patron saint, here represented with the instrument of his martyrdom, as iconography required. Mother Mary with Child is on the second panel, now hosted by Royal Museum of Fine Arts in Antwerp. Notice that St Stephen is holding his right hand on Etienne’s shoulder, what a statement! I would also like to be such good friends with saints…

Stephen, the pretext

Bartholomeus Breenbergh, The Stoning of St Stephen, 1632, Getty Center, boxing day with st stephen
Bartholomeus Breenbergh, The Stoning of St Stephen, 1632, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

In this painting, the stoning of the saint is just a minor event inserted on the bottom of the canvas. In fact, it serves just as a pretext for Breenbergh to elevate the landscape painting to a level of biblical painting, which was way higher in the hierarchy of genres. Breenbergh specialized in landscapes, especially Italianate landscapes, which in the Netherlands were gaining popularity in the first half of the 17th century.

Stephen, the next job

Paolo Uccello, Stoning of St.Stephen, c.1435, Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence, Italy, boxing day with st stephen
Paolo Uccello, Stoning of St.Stephen, c.1435, Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence, Italy. Wikimedia Commons.

Paolo Uccello, described by Vasari as obsessed with perspective, in 1425 travelled to Venice. He got a commission for some mosaics for the façade of San Marco, but they have been all lost since. He might have travelled to Rome with his friend Donatello before coming back to Florence in 1431, where he remained for the rest of his life working on commissions all over the city, such as this one for the Cathedral.

Stephen and the magic hat

Domenico Ghirlandaio, St. Stephen the Martyr, c.1494, Budapest Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary, boxing day wit st stephen
Domenico Ghirlandaio, St. Stephen the Martyr, c.1491-1494, Budapest Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary.

With his two brothers, his brother-in-law and his son, Domenico ran a workshop through which passed many apprentices, including such personalities as Michelangelo. The last asserted date for Domencio’s late works is 1491, but he worked until his death in 1494 from something like pestilential fever. Notice that in this painting St Stephen’s hat is hovering above his head to show everyone the wounds.

Enjoy the Boxing Day with St. Stephen!

Recommended

European Art

The Mirage of Color: Meet the Scottish Colourists

The Scottish Colourists were a group of Post-Impressionist Scottish painters active in the first half of the 20th century. Their way of painting...

Andra Patricia Ritisan 30 November 2022

European Art

Eerie Paintings of Franz Sedlacek

Franz Sedlacek is one of the most important Austrian painters of the interwar period. His paintings portray the darkness, oppressiveness, and...

Errika Gerakiti 6 October 2022

View of the Menagerie at Kew, Thomas Sandby European Art

William Chambers’ Designs for the Royal Gardens at Kew

During the middle of the 18th century, landscape gardening became valued higher than a work of art in England. Landscape gardener William Chambers...

Anna Ingram 18 August 2022

Sonia Delaunay, Triptych, 1963, Tate Gallery, London European Art

5 Artists You Didn’t Know Were Born in Ukraine

From dancing colors to a kinetic steel monument, discover the lives and works of five influential and international modern artists – each of whom...

Emily Snow 14 November 2022