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What Edouard Manet and Saint Francis have in common?

Édouard Manet, Flowers in a Crystal Vase, ca. 1882, detail, National Gallery of Art

Impressionism

What Edouard Manet and Saint Francis have in common?

Edouard Manet once remarked: “I should like to be the Saint Francis of still life”. While the comparisons between Manet and Saint Francis may not be immediately obvious, in some ways, Manet did achieve his goal.

Both Manet and Saint Francis confronted their contemporaries with new ideas and approach to what they both dedicated their lives to. Saint Francis to religious life, and Manet to art.

Edouard Manet - Flowers in a Crystal Vase. c. 1882, in National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Manet and Saint Francis

Edouard Manet, Flowers in a Crystal Vase. c. 1882, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.


By founding an Order of Friars Minor, Saint Francis opposed the ideology of other orders of his time which aimed to accumulate power and wealth. In a similar break with orthodoxy, Manet introduced “pure colour”, a collection of dashes of colour, in opposition to classical paintings of the time with their flowing tones.

Edouard_Manet_Vase of Peonies on Pedestal. 1864. in Musee d’Ordsay, Paris

Edouard Manet, Vase of Peonies on Pedestal, 1864, Musee d’Orsay, Paris

Both loved life and nature and managed to express this love through the smallest and simplest things. Saint Francis was known to give sermons to birds, fish and flowers. Manet believed that “a painter can say anything he likes with fruit, flowers or even clouds”. At the end of his life, when advanced disease prevented him from painting large canvases, he created his the most beautiful still natures. He painted bouquets brought by his friends, or sometimes even single, common objects such as lemon or bunch of asparagus.

Edouard_Manet_Bunch_of_Asparagus 1880, In Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne Manet and Saint Francis

Edouard Manet, Bunch of Asparagus 1880, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne


One of the bouquets created in that period stands out from the others – Carnations and Clematis, 1882. In its simplicity and modesty, it is the sweetest and most charming of Manet’s paintings.

Edouard Manet, Carnations and Clematis, 1882, in Musee d'Orsay, Paris Manet and Saint Francis

Edouard Manet, Carnations and Clematis, 1882, Musee d’Orsay, Paris

What Manet and Saint Francis have the most in common is, that both were remarkable people, who were ahead of their times and made an undoubtful mark on the history of western culture.

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