Animals

Henry Moore’s Sheep

Candy Bedworth 11 March 2022 min Read

Henry Spencer Moore was an English artist. Although his primary role was as a sculptor, there are lots of examples of his sketches. His forms are usually abstract human figures, often depicting mother-and-child or reclining figures, but some of the drawings depict animals, for example, sheep. 

Henry Moore, Two Forms, 1934, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA.

Henry Moore often sketched ideas for his sculptures in pencil, charcoal, color washes, and even ballpoint pen. But have you ever taken a close look at his sketches of sheep? Like the sculptures, these drawings of ewes and lambs look closely at form and texture. And like the sculpture, they seem to form part of the very landscape they inhabit.

Henry Moore's Sheep
Henry Moore, Sheep Piece, 1971-1972, Henry Moore Foundation, Hertfordshire, UK.

Moore lived in Much Hadham, a small village in East Hertfordshire, and worked in a studio overlooking a sheep field. It was whilst working in this small room that Henry Moore first became aware of the sheep grazing outside. He began to draw them, exploring the way they moved and the shape of their bodies under the fleece. He drew a ewe and lamb – a large form sheltering a small one – which is an important theme in his larger sculpture work.

Henry Moore, Shorn Sheep with Lamb, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

The sketches are often made with a ballpoint pen, with swirling lines and zigzags. You can see thick and thin scratching lines and shading. And of course, with a ballpoint pen, no amendments or changes can be made.

Apparently, in order to capture the sheep’s faces in very intricate detail, Moore would make a small, sharp noise to grab the sheep’s attention so that they would turn to look at him.

Henry Moore's Sheep
Henry Moore, Sheep Resting, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

I live deep within a sheep farming country. The year is punctuated by the ancient ways of working the land. In September, farmers are checking the condition of their ewe, ready for them to join the rams and begin the mating game in October. This is traditionally known as “tupping”. Sturdy Welsh breeds like ours will over-winter in the fields around our home, and by April those cute, bouncy lambkins will start to appear.

Henry Moore, Sheep in Snow Scene, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

The time Moore spent watching sheep from his window gave him an insight into the nature and temperament of the sheep. He saw the changes in them over the year. He drew them fluffy and fleecy and later drew them just after shearing time when he could see the fluid shapes of their bodies.

Henry Moore's Sheep
Henry Moore, The Show Sheep, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

The English writer Roger Deakin understood Moore’s fascination with sheep. He said:

I watched a ewe standing between two big rocks the shape of goat’s cheeses. They were just far enough apart to allow the animal in, and I began to understand the relationship Henry Moore perceived between sheep and stones. He saw sheep as animate stones, the makers of their own landscape.

Roger Deakin, quoted in Robert Macfarlane, “Force of nature“, The Guardian, 16 Sep 2006.

Henry Moore, Sheep Album Cover, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

In 1972 Moore presented a large number of these sketches to his daughter Mary in a Sheep Sketchbook. These have since been published and distributed to a worldwide audience. Henry Moore died in 1986 but his work is timeless. Whether you are interested in sculpture, sketching, or sheep, these are well worth a look!

Recommended

Animals

Secrets of Pets in Art

There’s nothing better than going to a museum and spotting a cute pet hidden in a painting. I mean, after all, one of art’s functions is...

Marta Wiktoria Bryll 7 October 2022

Animals

Sporting Artist: Alfred Munnings

Alfred Munnings was the leading sporting artist during the first half of the 20th century. His paintings encompass a range of sporting themes: horses...

Lauren Kraut 25 August 2022

chinese new year tiger, Kishi Chikudo, Detail from Tiger, Tigress and Cubs, 1892 Animals

Year of the Tiger: Chinese New Year 2022

The year of the tiger is upon us! Tigers are frequently depicted in Chinese art, but they have fascinated so many artists from across the world.

Candy Bedworth 1 February 2022

Birds in art cover Hiroshige Animals

Owls, Peacocks and Sparrows: Birds in Art

The idea of birds in art probably brings to mind John James Audubon, the 19th-century ornithologist who wrote and illustrated the landmark series The...

Alexandra Kiely 8 February 2022