Henry Moore’s Sheep

Candy Bedworth 11 March 2022 min Read

Henry Spencer Moore was an English artist. Although his primary role was as a sculptor, there are lots of examples of his sketches. His forms are usually abstract human figures, often depicting mother-and-child or reclining figures, but some of the drawings depict animals, for example, sheep. 

Henry Moore, Two Forms, 1934, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA.

Henry Moore often sketched ideas for his sculptures in pencil, charcoal, color washes, and even ballpoint pen. But have you ever taken a close look at his sketches of sheep? Like the sculptures, these drawings of ewes and lambs look closely at form and texture. And like the sculpture, they seem to form part of the very landscape they inhabit.

Henry Moore's Sheep
Henry Moore, Sheep Piece, 1971-1972, Henry Moore Foundation, Hertfordshire, UK.

Moore lived in Much Hadham, a small village in East Hertfordshire, and worked in a studio overlooking a sheep field. It was whilst working in this small room that Henry Moore first became aware of the sheep grazing outside. He began to draw them, exploring the way they moved and the shape of their bodies under the fleece. He drew a ewe and lamb – a large form sheltering a small one – which is an important theme in his larger sculpture work.

Henry Moore, Shorn Sheep with Lamb, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

The sketches are often made with a ballpoint pen, with swirling lines and zigzags. You can see thick and thin scratching lines and shading. And of course, with a ballpoint pen, no amendments or changes can be made.

Apparently, in order to capture the sheep’s faces in very intricate detail, Moore would make a small, sharp noise to grab the sheep’s attention so that they would turn to look at him.

Henry Moore's Sheep
Henry Moore, Sheep Resting, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

I live deep within a sheep farming country. The year is punctuated by the ancient ways of working the land. In September, farmers are checking the condition of their ewe, ready for them to join the rams and begin the mating game in October. This is traditionally known as “tupping”. Sturdy Welsh breeds like ours will over-winter in the fields around our home, and by April those cute, bouncy lambkins will start to appear.

Henry Moore, Sheep in Snow Scene, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

The time Moore spent watching sheep from his window gave him an insight into the nature and temperament of the sheep. He saw the changes in them over the year. He drew them fluffy and fleecy and later drew them just after shearing time when he could see the fluid shapes of their bodies.

Henry Moore's Sheep
Henry Moore, The Show Sheep, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

The English writer Roger Deakin understood Moore’s fascination with sheep. He said:

I watched a ewe standing between two big rocks the shape of goat’s cheeses. They were just far enough apart to allow the animal in, and I began to understand the relationship Henry Moore perceived between sheep and stones. He saw sheep as animate stones, the makers of their own landscape.

Roger Deakin, quoted in Robert Macfarlane, “Force of nature“, The Guardian, 16 Sep 2006.

Henry Moore, Sheep Album Cover, 1974, Tate, London, UK.

In 1972 Moore presented a large number of these sketches to his daughter Mary in a Sheep Sketchbook. These have since been published and distributed to a worldwide audience. Henry Moore died in 1986 but his work is timeless. Whether you are interested in sculpture, sketching, or sheep, these are well worth a look!

Get your daily dose of art

Click and follow us on Google News to stay updated all the time


Unicorns in art Animals

Unicorns in Art Across Time: From French Tapestries to Damien Hirst’s Sculptures

Unicorns, the enchanting and mythical beings, have been a captivating subject in art since ancient times, maintaining their inspirational allure for...

Ela Bobek 16 December 2023

Norbertine von Bresslern-Roth, Zebera Finches Animals

The Magical Menagerie of Norbertine Bresslern-Roth

Always moving, impenetrable, and ephemeral, animals are among the most difficult subjects for an artist to depict. Using a new style of printmaking...

Louisa Mahoney 4 October 2023


Secrets of Pets in Art

There’s nothing better than going to a museum and spotting a cute pet hidden in a painting. I mean, after all, one of art’s functions is...

Marta Wiktoria Bryll 26 March 2024


Sporting Artist: Alfred Munnings

Alfred Munnings was the leading sporting artist during the first half of the 20th century. His paintings encompass a range of sporting themes: horses...

Lauren Kraut 23 August 2023