Connect with us

DailyArtMagazine.com – Art History Stories

Kyra Nijinsky: Portrait of a Dancer

Women Artists

Kyra Nijinsky: Portrait of a Dancer

Kyra Nijinsky was a Russian ballet dancer and the daughter of the famous Vaslav Nijinsky. She was painted by Oswald Birley in 1935 and we are pleased to present her to you today – International Dance Day. Here is her story.

Oswald Birley Portrait of Kyra Nijinska,1935, oil on canvas
Oswald Birley, Portrait of Kyra Nijinsky, 1935, oil on canvas, Private collection.

Family Background

Kyra Nijinsky was a Russian ballet dancer and the daughter of Vaslav Nijinsky a famous ballet dancer and choreographer. He was considered one of the best in his profession of the 20th century, making choreographies for such ballet masterpieces as Le Sacre du Printemps (1913) with music by Igor Stravinsky.

Her mother, Romola de Pulszky, was a Hungarian socialite and celebrated actress. The couple met in South America when the artist’s company Ballet Russes was on tour there. The story was simple – he was a dancer, she loved the ballet – they fell in love at first sight and, in 1913, they were soon married. Romola became pregnant right away. Unusually her newly wedded husband started to have symptoms of ‘couvade syndrome’. This is a psychosomatic condition also called “sympathetic pregnancy” which causes a partner to experience symptoms of pregnancy. This led to him missing performances and unfortunately, in the end, he was fired!

Early Years

Kyra was born in Vienna on June 18, 1914, just 10 days after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, at the beginning of the outbreak of the Great War. The family began to live the life of “nomads”, travelling round North and South America on dance tours. After some years they finally settled in St. Moritz in Switzerland. However, they didn’t find the peace they had been longing for. Vaslav started to exhibit signs of schizophrenia which laid him low and eventually led to the end of his career…

Mr.Nijinsky and his little daughter at his apartments in the Biltmore Oswald Birley Portrait Of Kyra Nijinsky
Vaslav Nijinsky and his little daughter Kyra at his apartments in the Biltmore, c. 1916.

Kyra, who was obsessed with her father decided to be a dancer just like him. It was said that she looked exactly like him, especially his high cheekbones and muscular physique. She even wore practice clothes exactly like a man! The relationship between father and daughter was also strong emotionally. As Romola once wrote:

“It seemed almost as though they had been one person split apart, and constantly wishing to be reunited.”

Kyra’s ballet career

Kyra was trained firstly by her father and her aunt, Bronislava Nijinsky (another choreographer). Later she attended the Paris Opera Ballet School. She was a good ballet dancer, but because of her father’s fame, she was destined to be known chiefly for “being the daughter of Mr. Nijnksy”. Unfortunately, even favorable and enthusiastic opinions like that of the critic Arnold Haskell, have not changed anything:

“She is a dancer who understands, whether instinctively or otherwise, how to use dancing in order to express her emotions.”

Kyra Nijinsky in Le Spectre De La Rose, photograph by Cecil Beaton Oswald Birley Portrait Of Kyra Nijinsky
Kyra Nijinsky in Le Spectre De La Rose, photograph by Cecil Beaton.

The artist was always independent, intelligent, strong although many considered her strange and crazy. When she was 17 years old she lived alone in Berlin. In London, she impersonated her father in one of her most important plays – Le Spectre de la rose. Additionally, Kyra danced for Ballet Rambert and created the central role in Frederick Ashton’s Mephisto Valse.


In 1936 in Budapest, she married Ukrainian conductor Igor Markevitch (who had previously lived in a homosexual relationship with choreographer Sergei Diaghilev). The couple had one son, Vaslav Nijinsky-Markevitch. Unfortunately, the marriage didn’t stand the test of time. After the divorce, Igor raised their son alone and Kyra moved to Rome where she earned a living as a saleslady on the Via Condotti. After 1958 she lived in San Francisco and devoted herself to poetry, painting and led a solitary life. In 1981, a movie was made about her called She Dances Alone, directed by Robert Dornhelmin.

Kyra Nijinsky One of the principals of Mr Cochran's 'Streamline' at the Palace Theatre, Getty Images, Image by © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS
Kyra Nijinsky One of the principals of Mr Cochran’s ‘Streamline’ at the Palace Theatre, Getty Images, Image by ©Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS.


Sir Oswald Birley (1880–1952) painted the 21 year old Kyra in 1935, when her career had already started. The artist was considered one of the greatest portraitists of his day and many important members of society commissioned a painting from him One of these was Winston Churchill who, by the way, was also a painter! Check the art of the Prime Minister here). Birley not only showed the external appearance of his models, but also their emotions, characters and professions.

In his portrait of her, Kyra is depicted in one of her colorful costumes from Streamline at the Palace Theatre. At the first glance we can see the strong woman, challenging life with a bold look. Eccentric, cut like a man, brave, she was ready to conquer the dance world… Unfortunately, she never freed herself from the fame of her father and to this day her reputation remains lost in the shadow of her father’s glory…

You can see Kyra dancing here:

If you love dance, you have to read this:

Art historian; she wishes she could go to the exhibition of modern art with Marcel Duchamp, take part in Tadeusz Kantor’s happening or …drink a damn good coffee with Agent Cooper.


More in Women Artists

  • Arenig School Arenig School

    20th century

    Arenig School. Wild Bohemians and Welsh Mountains


    Welcome to a rollicking adventure with the Arenig School of automatic painting starring Augustus John, James Dickson Innes, and Derwent Lees. Arenig Fawr is a majestic mountain in Snowdonia in Wales. Between 1911 and 1913 three unconventional artists lived and breathed the wild landscape here, possessed...

  • 20th century

    Kyffin Williams and the Welsh Landscape


    The Welsh landscapes have inspired artists, poets, and writers for generations. But, for one 20th century artist, they were more than just a subject for the canvas, they were a metaphor for melancholic isolation, for power, and comfort. John Kyffin Williams was born in 1918 in...

  • 21st century

    Paula Rego and Other Strong Women


    A couple of years ago, I wrote a very short article about Paula Rego’s fairy tale-like works. Yet, only recently I found out that we were born in the same month just a few days apart, which makes her somehow special to me. As she turned...

  • Franz Marc, The Large Blue Horse, 1911 Franz Marc, The Large Blue Horse, 1911

    20th century

    Franz Marc: The Painter Who Loved Horses


    The German Expressionist movement had many faces. One of the most interesting of them was that of the painter Franz Marc. Marc looked to the natural world as an antidote to modern life, from which he felt increasingly alienated. This is why we find so many paintings...

  • Art Nouveau

    Aubrey Beardsley: Sharp Blacks and Whites of the Victorian Era


    Aubrey Beardsley was an extremely talented draughtsman of the Victorian era. As a young boy he suffered from tuberculosis yet decided to live his life to the fullest instead of staying in bed. Oscar Wilde himself helped to launch his career. Beardsley lived only 25 years...

To Top