Gabriele Munter (1877-1962) was a German Expressionist painter born in Berlin and most known for her landscapes and use of color. She developed a love of drawing as a young child and garnered her parents support to pursue her dream to be an artist. She studied at the Woman’s School of Art because as a female she was not allowed to attend the more prestigious German Academies. Her parents had both died by the time she was 21 and with a substantial inheritance she was free to travel, pursue her art, and live her life without conformity.
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Gabriele Munter, Breakfast of the Birds, 1934, National Museum of Women in the Arts (Washington, D.C.)[/caption]
In Munich she studied at the Phalanx School where she developed various artistic techniques and began a romantic relationship with the Director of the School, Vasily Kandinsky. Of Kandinsky she said: “When I began to paint it was like leaping suddenly into deep waters, and I never know beforehand whether I will be able to swim. Well it was Kandinsky who taught me the techniques of swimming.” Her relationship with Kandinsky lasted 12 years and had a profound effect on her life. In 1911, Munter, Kandinsky , Franz Marc and other avangardist artists created Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) in Munich. The work from this group was diverse but showed in interest in free experimentation and spiritual expression.
“Breakfast of Birds” (1934) is a lovely painting by Munter which shows a woman (supposedly Munter) seated for breakfast at a table with her back to us. The painting reflects her Expressionist style with thick, rapid brushstrokes, dark outlines and compressed space. Munter’s own love of color is seen in her shades of blue, yellows and pinks in her works. The woman sits before a window framed with thick drapery that can make the viewer feel confined or comfortable depending on your viewpoint. She can see the snowcapped trees and birds sitting on the snow-laced branches while she quietly reflects on the view before her. Or, it can also be seen as a woman emotionally isolated, the coldness of the scene reflective of her own feelings. Either way Munter was a strong artist and a woman who lived her life uncompromised and able to pursue her dreams.
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