Women Artists

Pegeen Vail Guggenheim: A Never Understood Daughter

Magda Michalska 18 January 2017 min Read

You must have heard of the family Guggenheim, wealthy merchants who with time became the prominent art collectors and patrons of modern art. You probably know Solomon Guggenheim and his art collection in New York, and Peggy Guggenheim, his niece, who established her own collection of modern art in Venice. But have you ever heard of Pegeen Vail Guggenheim, the daughter of Peggy?

Difficult childhood

[caption id="attachment_3254" align="aligncenter" width="620"]Pegeen Vail, Untitled, 1946, Private Collection Pegeen Vail, Untitled, 1946, Private Collection[/caption] Pegeen was Peggy's second child with her first husband Laurence Vail. She was born in Switzerland, and spent a lot of time away from her mother, especially after Peggy and Laurence had split. She studied in England and France, but in 1941 she went back with her mother and her second husband Max Ernst to the United States.


[caption id="attachment_3255" align="aligncenter" width="553"]Pegeen Vail, The Exhibition, 1945, Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, Venice Pegeen Vail, The Exhibition, 1945, Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, Venice[/caption] Although Peggy loved her daughter and admired both her fragile and delicate beauty, as well as her art, they never had an exemplary relationship. They couldn't understand each other and would often argue. Moreover, Pegeen suffered from depression from her adolescent years and the lack of attention from the side of her mother whom she admired, might have been one of its causes.


[caption id="attachment_3256" align="aligncenter" width="553"]Pegeen Vail, Girls in the Arches, ca. 1936, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice Pegeen Vail, Girls in the Arches, ca. 1936, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice[/caption] In the US she met her first husband, French painter, Jean Hélion, who was among the first artists to introduce abstraction to the United States. They married in 1946 and had three children. They moved to Paris, but after 10 years they divorced. A year later, she met her second husband, the English painter Ralph Rumney, whom Peggy detested. They had one son.


[caption id="attachment_3257" align="aligncenter" width="553"]Pegeen Vail, Family Portrait, late 1950s, Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, Venezia Pegeen Vail, Family Portrait, late 1950s, Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, Venezia[/caption] Peggy promoted her daughter's art from the beginning, however there never was any kind of nepotism- Pegeen was admired by all, her style a combination of naive and Surrealist art. She exhibited across Europe and the US, and was friends with the majority of the modern artists of her time. Although her works seem cheerful and carefree, one can sense in them a second lining of melancholy and sadness. Pegeen, who never had a happy family, tried to make it up in her paintings, where everyone seems happy and loved.

The end

[caption id="attachment_3258" align="aligncenter" width="553"]Pegeen Vail, My Wedding, 1946, Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, Venezia Pegeen Vail, My Wedding, 1946, Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, Venezia[/caption] She tragically died in 1967: she was found dead in her apartment having overdosed the medication. Her mother never accepted it could have been a suicide.

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