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Maurizio Cattelan And His Golden "America"

21st century

Maurizio Cattelan And His Golden "America"

Couple of days ago the White House asked Guggenheim Museum to borrow a painting “Landscape With Snow” by Vincent van Gogh for the President and Melania Trump’s private living quarters.

maurizio cattelan america Vincent van Gogh, Landscape with Snow, 1888, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

Vincent van Gogh, Landscape with Snow, 1888, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

Guggenheim said no and proposed something completely different: an 18-karat, fully functioning, solid gold toilet — an interactive work titled “America” created by Maurizio Cattelan.

maurizio cattelan america Maurizio Cattelan, America, 2016, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

Maurizio Cattelan, America, 2016, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York


The White House didn’t respond to that answer.

Maurizio Cattelan is an Italian artist known for his satirical sculptures, particularly La Nona Ora (The Ninth Hour, depicting Pope John Paul II struck down by a meteorite) which caused a huge scandal in some more religious circles.  Cattelan’s personal art practice has gained him a reputation as an art scene’s joker. All his works have a humorous twist. He has been described by Jonathan P. Binstock, curator of contemporary art at the Corcoran Gallery of Art “as one of the great post-Duchampian artists and a smartass, too”.

maurizio cattelan america Maurizio Cattelan, La Nona Ora, 1999, private collection. The piece was sold at Christie's for $886,000 in 2001.

Maurizio Cattelan, La Nona Ora, 1999, private collection. The piece was sold at Christie’s for $886,000 in 2001.


And now his “America”, a satire aimed at the excess of wealth in this country is back in the spotlight thanks to Guggenheim’s response to the White House request.

Cattelan declined to reveal the cost of the gold it took to create “America,” though it has been estimated to have been more than $1 million. The artist has resisted interpreting his work, telling interviewers he would leave that to his audience. He conceived of the gold toilet before Trump’s candidacy, though he has acknowledged that he might have been influenced by the mogul’s almost unavoidable place in American culture.


“It was probably in the air,” he told a Guggenheim blogger in 2016 as “America” went on display. For a year, Guggenheim exhibited “America” — in a public restroom on the museum’s fifth floor for visitors to use. It was a hit.

maurizio cattelan america


Cattelan has also suggested that he had in mind the wealth that permeates aspects of society, describing the golden toilet “as 1 percent art for the 99 percent.”

“Whatever you eat, a $200 lunch or a $2 hot dog, the results are the same, toilet-wise,” he has said.


The masterpiece perfect for the times we live in.

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Art Historian, founder and CEO of DailyArtMagazine.com and DailyArt mobile app. But to be honest, her greatest accomplishment is being the owner of Pimpek the Cat.

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