Museum Stories

15 Paintings From Shchukin Collection You Must Know

Zuzanna Stańska 27 November 2016 min Read

Probably the name of Sergei Ivanovich Shchukin won’t tell you much now. Shchukin was a Russian businessman, a textile merchant who lived at the turn of the 19th and 20th. Why should we care about him, though?

Xan Krohn, Portrait of Sergei Shchukin, 1915, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersbourg
Xan Krohn, Portrait of Sergei Shchukin, 1915, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg

Sergei Shchukin owned one of the most marvelous art collection in history. He amassed 258 works of impressionist, post-impressionist, fauvist and cubist masterpieces, which decorated the walls of his palace-like home in Moscow. Including 50 Picassos, 38 works by Matisse, 13 Monets, eight Cezannes, seven Rousseaus, three Renoirs, four Van Goghs. 16 Gauguins of the Tahitian period hung in his dining room in the manner of an orthodox iconostasis. In 1909, Shchukin opened his home on Sundays for public viewings, introducing French avant-garde painting to the Moscovites. He also was a friend of Henri Matisse and commissioned two of his most famous masterpieces – “Dance” and “Music”.

Sergei Shchukin’s study in Moscow, 1913
Sergei Shchukin’s study in Moscow, 1913

However, in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution in October 1917, Shchukin’s collection was expropriated by the state, broken up, and distributed among museums in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Stalin called his collection “bourgeois and cosmopolitan”. Shchukin himself had to flew to Paris, where he died in 1936.

It was difficult to see all the Shchukin collection in one place, as it has been split to The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts and the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.

Until now, when 120 paintings from the collection can be seen on the exhibition at Fondation Louis Vuitton in Paris. The exhibition takes place until February 20th, 2017. Below we present a short snapshot of the paintings you can see there:

Vincent van Gogh, Portrait of Doctor Ray, 1889

Vincent van Gogh, Portrait of Doctor Ray, 1889, Pushkin Museum, Moscow
Vincent van Gogh, Portrait of Doctor Ray, 1889, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Pablo Picasso, The Meeting (The Embrace), 1900

Pablo Picasso, The Meeting (The Embrace), 1900, Pushkin Museum, Moscow
Pablo Picasso, The Meeting (The Embrace), 1900, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Paul Cézanne, Self-Portrait, 1882

Paul Cézanne, Self-Portrait, 1882, Pushkin Museum, Moscow
Paul Cézanne, Self-Portrait, 1882, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Henri Rousseau, View of the Pont Sèvres and the Hills of Clamart, Saint Cloud, and Bellevue with Biplane, Balloon, and Dirigible, 1908

Henri Rousseau, View of the Pont Sèvres and the Hills of Clamart, Saint Cloud, and Bellevue with Biplane, Balloon, and Dirigible, 1908, Pushkin Museum, Moscow
Henri Rousseau, View of the Pont Sèvres and the Hills of Clamart, Saint Cloud, and Bellevue with Biplane, Balloon, and Dirigible, 1908, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Claude Monet, Woman in the Garden, Sainte-Adresse, 1867

Claude Monet, Woman in the Garden, Sainte-Adresse, 1867, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg
Claude Monet, Woman in the Garden, Sainte-Adresse, 1867, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg

Claude Monet, Luncheon on the Grass, 1866

Claude Monet, Luncheon on the Grass, 1866, Pushkin Museum, Moscow Shchukin collection
Claude Monet, Luncheon on the Grass, 1866, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Claude Monet, Seagulls, River Thames in London, Houses of Parliament, 1904

Claude Monet, Seagulls, River Thames in London, Houses of Parliament, 1904, Pushkin Museum, Moscow
Claude Monet, Seagulls, River Thames in London, Houses of Parliament, 1904, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Paul Gauguin, Aha oé feii? (What, Are You Jealous?”), 1892

Paul Gauguin, Aha oé feii? (What, Are You Jealous?"), 1892, Pushkin Museum, Moscow Shchukin collection
Paul Gauguin, Aha oé feii? (What, Are You Jealous?”), 1892, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Paul Gauguin, Vairaumati téi oa (Her Name was Vairaumati), 1892

Paul Gauguin, Vairaumati téi oa (Her Name was Vairaumati), 1892, Pushkin Museum, Moscow Shchukin collection
Paul Gauguin, Vairaumati téi oa (Her Name was Vairaumati), 1892, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Pablo Picasso, Absinthe Drinker, 1901

Pablo Picasso, Absinthe Drinker, 1901, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg Shchukin collection
Pablo Picasso, Absinthe Drinker, 1901, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg

Henri Matisse, Still-life with a Blue Tablecloth, 1906

Henri Matisse, Still-life with a Blue Tablecloth, 1906, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg
Henri Matisse, Still-life with a Blue Tablecloth, 1906, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg

Henri Matisse, Red Room (Harmony in Red), 1908

Henri Matisse, The Dessert (Harmony in Red), 1908, The Hermitage Museum Shchukin collection
Henri Matisse, Red Room (Harmony in Red), 1908, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg

Henri Matisse, Goldfish, 1912

Henri Matisse, Goldfish, 1912, Pushkin Museum, Moscow
Henri Matisse, Goldfish, 1912, The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Paul Cézanne, Fruits, 1879-80

Paul Cézanne, Fruits, 1879-80, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg
Paul Cézanne, Fruits, 1879-80, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg

Pablo Picasso, Table in a Café (Bottle of Pernod), 1912

Pablo Picasso, Table in a Café (Bottle of Pernod), 1912, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg Shchukin collection
Pablo Picasso, Table in a Café (Bottle of Pernod), 1912, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg

 

Find out more:

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