The Scream is one of the most famous masterpieces of modern art. Edvard Munch created four versions of the compositions created as both paintings and pastels. The National Gallery in Oslo, holds one of two painted versions. The Munch Museum holds the other painted version and a pastel version from 1893. The fourth version in pastel, 1895 was sold for $119,922,600 at Sotheby’s Impressionist and Modern Art auction on 2 May 2012. Also in 1895, Munch created a lithograph stone of the image, but of those prints only several examples survive. Only approximately four dozen prints were made before the original stone was resurfaced by the printer in Munch’s absence.
In his diary in an entry headed “Nice 22 January 1892”, Munch described his inspiration for the image:
One evening I was walking along a path, the city was on one side and the fjord below. I felt tired and ill. I stopped and looked out over the fjord—the sun was setting, and the clouds turning blood red. I sensed a scream passing through nature; it seemed to me that I heard the scream. I painted this picture, painted the clouds as actual blood. The color shrieked. This became The Scream.
This memory was later rendered by Munch as a poem, which he hand-painted onto the frame of the 1895 pastel version of the work:
I was walking along the road with two friends – the sun was setting – suddenly the sky turned blood red – I paused, feeling exhausted, and leaned on the fence – there was blood and tongues of fire above the blue-black fjord and the city – my friends walked on, and I stood there trembling with anxiety – and I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature.
This road Munch mentioned actually exist. The site of the painting is an overlook on the side of a road called “Valhallveien” on a hill above Oslo. The hill is known as Ekeberg Hill. This road was a popular place for citizens of Oslo to view the city. The viewpoint right before the 180 degree turn in Valhallveien has for years been supposed to be where Munch found inspiration for “Scream”. Bob Egan from PopSpots spotted this place–the view and the railing resemble the painting.